the practical application of science to improving life
useless in battle but good for duels
inventor of the steel plow; halved the labor required to clear prairie for planting.
Midwest's major cash crop
inventor of mechanical reaper; harvested grain 7x faster with half the labor force
droppings of sea birds used as fertilizer
identical components made by machine tools, speeding manufacturing process; by Eli Whitney
(one of the Connecticut Firms) began mass producing the revolving pistol.
Smith & Wesson
dramatized technology's democratic promis
had more track than any other railroad in 1855; made money by haling cargo and by real estate speculation
Illinois Central Railroad
helped made Wall Street the nation's greatest capital market
home to Irish immigrants and free blacks
first national epidemic that followed shipping routes
cholera epidemic of 1832
first to employ anesthesia during surgery
successfully uses anesthesia
a poet who published a paper on how unclean hands spread puerperal fever
"water cure"-to cleanse and rejuvenate the system
popularized dietary changes as a way to better health
created the scientific fad phrenology
became chief promoters of phrenology
Orson and Lorenzo Fowler
publishing house by Orson Fowler that marketed phrenology books
Fowlers and Wells
one of the founders of the penny press
greatest showman of the century
one of the many antebellum popularizers of black minstrelsy
Inventer of the Singer Machine-a sewing machine that did continuous stitching
wrote songs for minstrel shows reflecting white's notions of how black sang
British author whose historical novels became widely popular in the U.S.
Sir Walter Scott
author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
pioneer in development of a national literature with distinctively American themes
poet/didn't publish her work
most popular dramatist
created "tales of sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle"
popular figure in Cooper's novels
invented the sewing machine
transmitted the 1st telegraph message
invented the revolving pistol
created the couse of empire; amazing artist
painted numerous Native Americans in their "savage" state
designed NYC's Central Park to look like undisturbed countryside
transcendentalism reinforced her feminist ideas; wrote "women in the 19th century"