Name 4 reasons for the colonization of America.
Business opportunity, land ownership, employment offers, political (religious) freedom.
Explain the difference between a Democracy and a Republic.
Democracy - people decide/vote, Republic - representatives decide/vote.
Is America a Democracy or a Republic?
What event started the problems between the colonists and Britain?
The French and Indian War.
What document was adopted by the second Continental Congress?
The Declaration of Independence.
What was the Treaty of Paris (1783)?
A document that acknowledged the U.S. as an independent nation. (expanded U.S. borders)
What was America's first national constitution, and when did it go into effect?
The Articles of the Confederation, which took effect in 1781.
What is a confederacy?
When national power is secondary to state power, and has only power that the states grant.
Explain the difference between Federalists and Anti-federalists.
Federalists - support the Constitution, Anti-Feds - oppose the Constitution.
What was the Northwest Ordinance and what did it prohibit?
A document that set rules for creating new states. It prohibited slavery.
Give at least 2 results from the Louisiana Purchase.
Doubled U.S. size, removed foreign presence from the border. (Extended western frontier past the Mississippi River, opened the port.)
What did the Missouri Compromise do?
Missouri entered as a slave state, and Maine entered as a free state. It also balanced the slave and free states for thirty years. It prohibited slavery above the 36/30 line.
What was the main idea of the Monroe Doctrine?
To protect Latin America, and tell Europe to stay out of America.
What were the results of the Mexican War?
Rio Grande defined the U.S. border, Mexican cession. (U.S. gets TX, AR, CA, NV, UT)
What did the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854 do?
It allowed settlers to decide on slavery, made KS and NE states. It also repealed the Missouri Compromise, and renewed controversy over slavery.
What was the effect of the Supreme Court's ruling on the Dred Scott Decision?
It basically declared all parts of the Western territory open to slavery.
What is the 13th Amendment?
An amendment that freed all slaves in all states.
What were the 3 phases of the Reconstruction?
Presidential, Radical, and Redemption.
What is the 14th Amendment?
An amendment, originally the Civil Rights Act (1866), that made all blacks U.S. citizens.
What is the 15th Amendment?
An amendment that gives all men the right to vote.
How did railroads change America?
They created a market for goods on a national scale, encouraged mass production and consumption, and created economic specialization.
List 3 impacts of Industrialization.
The richest 10% controlled 90% of the wealth, there was a new class of millionares, and the myth that anyone could work hard and become rich.
Explain the difference between old and new immigrants.
Old: prior to 1890, literate, Protestant, English-speaking. New: after 1890, illiterate, all denominations, non-English-speaking.
What does the Statue of Liberty symbolize?
Freedom and liberty.
What is Imperialism?
Acquiring territory or gaining control over the political or economic life of other countries.
What is yellow press/journalism?
Sensationalism with false information and an (usually political) agenda.
What were 2 benefits of the Spanish/American War?
U.S. acquired the Phillipines, the quick victory caused national pride. (European nations viewed U.S. as a first-class world power, with international interests.)
What were the 4 conditions of the Platt Amendment of 1901?
Cuba can never sign a treaty with a foreign power that impairs their independence, they can never build excessive debt, they must permit the U.S. to intervene in their affairs to preserve independence, law, and order, and they must allow the U.S. to maintain a naval base there. (Guantanamo Bay)
What started the Great War? (WWI)
The assassination of the Austrian archduke (Francis Ferdinand) by a Serbian terrorist.
When and why did the U.S. get involved?
They got involved in 1917 because German submarines had free range to shoot down any incoming ship, and eventually killed U.S. citizens aboard the British Lusitania. Also, the Zimmerman telegram.
What is Isolationism?
@ the Monroe Doctrine - staying out of foreign affairs.
What was the League of Nations?
An international peace-keeping effort that was eventually replaced by the U.N. in 1945.
How did the New Deal alter the course of America's government?
It created big government, welfare, and Social Security, and signified a shift in the government's role - from protecting to providing for Americans.
What is Fascism?
The idea that people should glorify their nation and their race through an aggressive show of force.
What is Isolationism?
Staying out of foreign affairs.
Who were the Allies? Who were the Axis?
Allies - Britain, Soviet Union, U.S., Axis - Italy, Germany, Japan.
What was the Marshall Plan?
Gift of economic aid to European nations in order to prevent the spread of communism.
What is communism?
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, a classless society where all property is owned by the people and each person is paid and works according to their needs and abilities.
What were 2 major components of the Cold War?
1. Containment of communism. 2. The Arms Race.
What type of government did Fidel Castro set up in Cuba?
A communist, totalitarian state.
(e.g. government has control of EVERYTHING)