a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
the largest city and former capital of Turkey
Church established in the Byzantine Empire after the split from the Roman Catholic Church; Greek & Russian Orthodox Churches descend from this
code of justinian
compilation of the complex system of Roman laws; became the system of laws for the Byzantine Empire
the years between ancient and modern times; from about A.D. 500 until 1500
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
a political system and a social system where by a powerful lord would offer "protection" in return for "service"
Nobles, own lots of land, greater lords
warriors who fought on horseback
a person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times
In medieval Europe, a large, self-sufficient landholding consisting of the lord's residence (manor house), outbuildings, peasant village, and surrounding land.
Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farm land was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, planted with a spring crop, and left unplanted.
the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
Head of the Catholic Church
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
creator of one of the great syntheses of medieval learning; taught at University of Paris; author of several Summas; believed that through reason it was possible to know much about natural order, moral law, and nature of God
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights