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Battle of Mons

A battle on August 23, 1914, that was one of the earliest battles on the western front. The German advance in Belgium overwhelmed British and French forces, who began a fourteen-day retreat to the outskirts of Paris.

Battle of Tannenburg

A huge German victory over Russian armies trying to invade, it sent the Russians reeling backwards and set a precedent for the next few years of Russian losses on the Eastern Front

Battle of Verdun

Battle fought between French and German armies from February to December 1916; more than 700,000 people died - one of the most costly battles of the WWI.

Battle of Somme

A 1916 WWI (1914-1918) battle between German and British forces. Ending in a stalemate, the bitter three-month conflict is notable for the high number of casualties- 1.25 million men killed or wounded - and the first use of tanks in warfare.

The Schlieffen Plan

the plan that the Germans would quickly defeat France while Russia mobilized, and then attack Russia

unrestricted submarine warfare

A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters

Galipolli

Turkey vs. Newzeland and Australia

Woodrow Wilson

28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize

French Mutiny

1917, soldiers in the western front refused to fight at the conclusion of the Second Battle of the Aisne

trench warfare

war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas

Lenin

founded the Communist Party in Russia and set up the world's first Communist Party dictatorship. He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. He then ruled the country until his death in 1924.

November 11, 1918

The day World War I ended after the German leaders agreed to the armistice terms-the eleventh day of the eleventh month.

Lloyd

David Lloyd George was the representative of Great Britain in the Big Four.

Clemenceau

the premier of France; wanted Germany stripped of all weapons, vast German payments to cover the costs of the war, and a separate Rhineland as a buffer state between France and Germany (at the Paris Peace Conference); (see book for further information--page 742)

Orlando

Premier of Italy and representing his country at Paris Peace Conference. Primary objective was to gain as much territory as possible for Italy. One of Big Four and also representing a democratic system.

1914-1918

The years of World War I which were triggered by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and ended with the Treaty of Versailles.

Pershing

United States general who commanded the American forces in Europe during World War I (1860-1948)

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