rose out of the split of East and Western Roman Empire; lasted another 1000 years; kept Hellenism alive; fell in 1453 by the
The capital of the eastern Roman Empire and later of the Byzantine Empire
Church established in the Byzantine Empire after the split from the Roman Catholic Church; rejects pope
code of justinian
Collection of laws and legal intepretaions developed under the emperor
The years between ancient and modern times.
in English it means the great, in Latin it means Carolus Magnus
political systen of local government
a person of high rank who owned land but owed loyalty to his king
highly skilled soldiers who fought on horseback
rural laborers, or peasants, who were not allowed to move away from the land on which they worked
the lord's estate
Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
A rotational system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one grows legumes, and one lies fallow. It gradually replaced two-field system in medieval Europe.
western part of rome's new type a christianity
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
argued that the most basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument.
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215