area of cortex at the front of the brain that specializes in the executive functions of anticipation, planning, and impulse control
Controls maintenance functions such as eating; helps govern endocrine system; linked to emotion and reward
the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty substance that speeds the transmission of nerve impulses from neuron to neuron
Literally, sidedness. The specialization in certain functions by each side of the brain, with one side dominant for each activity. The left side of the brain controls the right side of the body, and vice versa
Injury control/harm reduction
Practices that are aimed at anticipating, controlling, and preventing dangerous activities; these practices reflect the beliefs that accidents are not random and that injuries can be made less harmful if proper controls are in place.
Actions that change overall background conditions to prevent some unwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse
actions that avert harm in a high-risk situation, such as stopping a car before it hits a pedestrian.
actions, such as immediate and effective medical treatment, that are taken after an adverse event such as illness or injury occurs, and are aimed at reducing the harm or preventing disability.
Deliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being
Post traumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
an effort by child-welfare authorities to find a long-term living situation that will provide stability and support for a maltreated child; a goal is to avoid repeated changes of caregiver or school, which can be particularly harmful to the child
a legal, publicly supported plan in which a maltreated child is removed from the parents' custody and entrusted to another adult, who is paid to be the child's caregiver.
A form of foster care in which a relative of a maltreated child, usually a grandparent, becomes the approved caregiver