The greatest shortcoming associated with explanations of psychological disorders in terms of demon possession is that these explanations
led to some harsh and ineffective remedial treatments.
A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV-TR in order to ________ various psychological disorders.
Many psychologists believe the disorganized thoughts of people with schizophrenia result from a breakdown in
What are symptoms of schizophrenia?
1. disturbed perceptions
2. inappropriate emotions
3. disorganized thinking
Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the male nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from
A disorder in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as
Linkage analysis is of greatest interest to those who attempt to explain mood disorders from a ________ perspective.
A World Health Organization study of 20 countries estimated that ________ had the highest prevalence of mental disorders during the prior year.
the United States
Among women, the stresses and demoralization of poverty are especially likely to precipitate
According to the medical model, psychological disorders are
sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured.
North Americans born during the winter and spring months are at a slightly increased risk for
Hearing voices would be a ________; believing that you are Napoleon would be a ________.
Among schizophrenia patients, the fluid-filled areas of the brain are
abnormally large and the thalamus is abnormally small.
People are more likely to recover from ________ schizophrenia than from ________ schizophrenia.
Compared with those who suffer no disorder, those who abuse alcohol have a ________ risk of committing suicide. Compared with the general population, those who have been depressed have a ________ risk of committing suicide.
One way for people to break the vicious cycle of depression is to
participate more often in activities they consider pleasant and rewarding.
Larry has difficulty organizing his daily schedule of work responsibilities. He often makes careless mistakes or fails to complete his work because he is easily distracted. Larry's behavior is most characteristic of
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
An eye-tracking device that measures an individual's ability to focus on and follow spots of light has been used for the assessment of
Which of the following is true of the medical model?
It views psychological disorders as sicknesses that are diagnosable and treatable.
Which of the following statements concerning the labeling of disordered behaviors is NOT true?
Labels interfere with effective treatment of psychological disorders.
ADHD is diagnosed ________ often in girls than in boys. In the decade after 1987, a(n) ________ proportion of American children have been treated for this disorder.
A breakdown in selective attention is most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from
Of those who talk of suicide, ________ actually attempt suicide. Of those who attempt suicide, ________ succeed in completing the act.
only a few; only a few