Ecology Vocabulary

16 terms by kaypal428 

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Autotroph

An organism that makes its own food

Carnivores

Meat eaters

Consumer

An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms, an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms

Decomposer

Organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organic matter

Ecological Pyramids

Show the relative amount of energy or matter contained within each trophic level in a given food chain or food web

Energy pyramids

A diagram that shows the energy that is available at each level of an ecosystem

Food Chain

(ecology) A community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member

Food Web

A diagram that shows the feeding relationships between organisms in an ecosystem

Herbivore

Plant-eating animal

Heterotroph

Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also called a consumer

Primary Consumers

Animals that feed on producers; ex. herbivores

Primary Producers

Autotrophs; photosynthetic organisms that use light energy to synthesize sugar & other compounds

Producer

An organism that makes its own food

Pyramid of energy

An ecological pyramid that shows the energy flow through each trophic level in an ecosystem

Secondary Consumers

Eat primary consumers

Trophic Level

Each step in a food chain or food web

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