Mountains that run up and down the boot
Home to Latin speakers who would later build Rome.
Twin brother of Remus, who were raised by a wolf. Romulus kills Remus in fury and names Rome after himself.
Twin brother of Romulus, who were raised by a wolf. Killed by Romulus.
Wrote the Aeneid
Story of Aeneas. He sails the Mediterranean after the capture of Troy. Unites with some of the Latins.
Joined the Romans. Lived in Etruria to the North. Took control of Rome and Latium. Skilled metalworkers
Powerful family in Rome. Eventually overthrown
The ruler is elected by citizens.
Lower class. Includes artisans and farmers.
Top government officials. 2 elected every year.
To reject the other consuls decision. I forbid in Latin.
Judges and law interpreters.
Council of the Plebs
Formed by the Plebeians after revolting.
Temporary ruler in a disaster
Loyal farmer who ruled when Rome was surrounded by enemies. Returned to his farm after 2 weeks.
Large farming estates
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
Worked for government reform. Thought that many of Rome's problems were caused by loss of small farms and asked the Senate to take back public land.
Military leader who becomes a consul. Recruits soldiers and gives them money and land.
Rival of Marius who makes his own army and makes himself dictator. Weakens the Concil of the Plebs and strengthened the Senate
Richest man in Rome
Political alliance of 3 people.
"Roman Peace". Long era of peace.
9000 men in charge of protecting the emperor
Governor for each province
AKA Octavian, JC's grandnephew
Ruled after Augustus
Caligula, Claudius, Nero
Next 3 rulers after Tiberius
Had a mental illness which caused him to murder, steal, and put his favorite horse as the consul.
Had his mother and 2 wives killed. Fiddled while rome burned.