Exam 4

42 terms by J25hoops 

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Shoulder, elbow

medial epicondylitis.

is common names for Racketball elbow, golfer's elbow, and javelin thrower's elbow

disorder associated with little league elbow

Accelerated apophyseal growth,
Avulsion of the medial epicondyle,
Nonunion stress fracture of the olecranon

Posterior

Most elbow dislocations result from falling on an outstretched hand and result in the ulna and radius dislocating:

Radial

the nerve innervates the main elbow extensors

hyperextension forces

Strains to the elbow are usually caused by

GameKeepers Thumb

A sprain of the ulnar collateral ligament of the MCP joint of the thumb caused by forceful abduction of the proximal phalanx is called:

Ulnar

Which side of the arm receives the most frequent impact and therefore is where the majority of bruising occurs?

Colle's Fx

A wrist fracture resulting from the radius and ulna being forced backward and upward (hyperextension) is called a:

Extension of the Thumb and Fingers

test damage to nerve radial

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The tapping sign over the transverse carpal ligament tests for:

Scaphoid (navicular)

Severe point tenderness in the anatomical "snuffbox" may indicate a fracture of which bone?

Mallet finger

A blow to the end of the finger that avulsed the extensors tendon from its insertions

lunate

bone in the wrist is most commonly dislocated

Extensor Digitorum

the following tendons is involved with mallet finger

Ganglion

is a herniation of the joint capsule or of the synovial sheath of a tendon; it is often thought of as a cyst structure.

False

A Bennett's fracture occurs from forced axial loading and abduction of the thumb; this injury should be casted.

Dislocation of Phalanges

have a high rate of occurrence in sports and are caused mainly by a blow to the tip of the finger by a ball.

Supraspinatus

Rotator cuff: abduction (empty can); Most common rotator cuff sprain

Infraspinatus

Rotator cuff: External rotation

Teresminor

Rotator cuff: External rotation

Subscapularis

Rotator cuff: Internal Rotation

Rotator Cuff

S.I.T.S.

Muscles in the Shoulder

Rotator cuff, deltoid, trapezius, RHomboids

Shoulder Joints

Glencohumeral joint, Acromioclavicular joint (AC), Sternoclavicular joint (SC), Scapulotheracic joint

Shoulder pointer

Bruise tip of shoulder

Dislocation/subluxation of shoulder

Glenohumeral joint (unstable joint)

Separation of shoulder

AC Joint sprain

Shoulder Impingement

When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against (or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.

Dislocation/Sublicuxation of the elbow

Posterior- backwards

Sprain elbow

hyperextension

Olecranor Bursitis

contusion of the elbow

Lateral Epicondulitis

Tennis elbow- to much wrist extension

Medial Epicondulitis

Pitcher's elbow- to much wrist flextion

Forearm Contusion

Ulnar bone

Scaphoid

Wrist bone that usually fx.

Lunate

Wrist bone that usually dislocated

Wrist sprain

hyperextension

CTS

Carpol tunnel syndrome

Mallet Finger

Extensor tendon rupture

DIP

usually dorsal dislocation;
Often occurs when ball strikes tip of finger

PIP

1. IP Joint Dislocation
2. Most common finger dislocation
3. Occurs due to blow to end of finger

Boutonniere deformity

a deformed position of the fingers or toes, in which the joint nearest the knuckle (PIP) is permanently bent toward the palm while the furthest joint (DIP) is bent back away

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