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PHOTOSYNTHESIS

produce organic molecules from inorganic molecules.

Photoautotrophs

Most of the food humans eat can be traced back to photosynthetic plants.

Which of the following statements regarding photosynthesis and carbon dioxide is false?

A) manufacture the biosphere's food supply.
B) make organic food molecules from simple raw materials.
C) are autotrophs.
D) sustain themselves without eating.
E) All of the choices are correct.<-answer

Producers

Grana

Chloroplasts contain disklike membranous sacs arranged in stacks called

Stroma

In the chloroplast, sugars are made in a compartment that is filled with a thick fluid
called the

Thylakoid membranes

Where is chlorophyll found in a plant cell?

stomata

CO2 enters and O2 escapes from a leaf via

water

The oxygen released into the air as a product of photosynthesis comes from

Light

What is the source of energy that provides the boost for electrons during photosynthesis?

formation of waste products in the form of CO2.

The Calvin cycle involves all of the following except:

electromagnetic

Sunlight is a type of __________ energy.

electromagnetic

The full range of electromagnetic energy is called the ________ spectrum.

mitochondria that had a mutation for photosynthesis

What is the likely origin of chloroplasts?

Chlorophyll a reflects green light.

Why are (most) plants green?

concentrated in a portion of the leaf tissue called the MESOPHYLL

In most green plants, chloroplasts are

H in glucose and water; O in O2

If you expose a photosynthesizing plant to water that contains both radioactive H and
radioactive O, in which of the products of photosynthesis will the radioactive H and O
show up?

an electron.

A redox reaction involves the transfer of

photon

A packet of light energy is called a

an antenna.

In a photosystem, clusters of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and carotenoid pigments
function most like

green

Of the following wavelengths of light, which would you expect to be reflected or
transmitted by chlorophyll a?

catalyze the incorporation of carbon atoms into RuBP.

Chlorophyll b and carotenoids

formation of waste products in the form of O2

Which of the following is part of the light reaction?

carbon dioxide.

Photosynthetic organisms derive their carbon from

directly through the phospholipids of the thylakoid membrane

According to this figure, how do H+ ions make their way from the stroma to the
thylakoid interior?

The release of energy by the excited electron can be as heat, light, or fluorescence.

Which of the following statements about the absorption of photons by pigment
molecules is true?

chlorophyll a

Which of the following photosynthetic pigments can be found at the photosystem
reaction center?

electrons passing down the electron transport chain.

The energy that excites P680 and P700 is supplied by

shuttle electrons along in a series of redox reactions.

The electron transport chains of the light reactions

H20

The electrons lost from the reaction center of photosystem I are replaced by electrons
from

H20

The electrons lost from the reaction center of photosystem II are replaced by electrons
from

is reduced by NADPH.

Photosystem II

Each preferentially absorbs slightly different wavelengths of light.

How do the reaction centers of photosystem I and II differ?

Are inputs to the photosystems

ATP and NADPH

Potential energy

A concentration gradient is a form of

is embedded in the inner membrane of the chloroplast

The chloroplast ATP Synhase

A fuel for cellular respiration and a starting material for making other organic molecules.

Plants use sugars as

Yes, to supply the plant with the ATP needed to power various cell activities.

Do photosynthesizing plants have mitochondria?

chemical . . . food . . . light

Mitochondria transfer ________ energy from ________ to ATP; chloroplasts transform
________ energy into the chemical energy of ATP.

G3P

The Calvin cycle constructs ________, an energy-rich molecule that a plant cell can then
use to make glucose or other organic molecules.

photorespiration.

The addition of oxygen to RuBP by rubisco to form a two-carbon product that is then
broken down by the cell to carbon dioxide and water defines

is of benefit to the plant since it breaks down rubisco.

Photorespiration

Most of the biomass of the cut trees would be added to the atmosphere as CO2
within a few years.

It has been argued that cutting old-growth forests and replacing them with plantations of
young trees would help to alleviate the threat of global greenhouse warming. What
important fact does this argument ignore?

The greenhouse effect is inversely related to increasing levels of atmospheric CO2.

Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is true?

two

Ozone consists of __________ oxygen atom(s).

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