← world history 2 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Fracisco Pizarro
- What is precisely the overall argument of the author in this chapter?
- what specific advantage did the europeans have over non-europeans in arriving at the americas first?
- what does the author mean by "extra european economy" that was instrumental in the rise of capitalism in Europe and not anywhere else?
- a exploitation of resources, capital, labor, and land outside europe to enrich the merchant class of europe who eventually took control of the society
- b Who: Pizarro is a Spanish conquistador born in Trujillo, Spain.
What: Pizarro led the first group of Europeans over the Andes mountains in South America and. On November 15, 1532, Pizarro led a group of 168 men into Cajamarca in Peru. What they saw was an army of 80,000 Inca warriors. On November 16, 1532, Inca leader, Ataxalpa agreed to meet with the Spaniards but decided to unarm all of his warriors for festivities rather than war. In the end, this decision turned out to be Ataxalpa's undoing because the 168 Spaniards led by Pizarro were able to overrun the Inca without one of the Spaniards dying.
When: 15th to 16th Century
Significance: The main significance of Pizarro was that he was able to conquer one of the biggest South American empires of that time, the Incas. His massacre of the 7,000 Incas with just 168 men happened because of geographical advantages and technological advancements over the Incas (according to Jared Diamond). One major advantage was the European horses over the South American llamas. The Spanish horsemen were known throughout Europe for their exceptional maneuverability and speed. Another advantage was the European steel over the South American bronze. The Spanish were able to use guns while the Incas merely had spears and arrows. Yet another advantage was the Spanish writing. Past Spanish battles were recorded and were used at later periods, but the Inca were not able to read or write. Pizarro was able to read about the strategies and experiences of past conquerors and use this knowledge to his advantage.
- c steel characterised by pattern of bands or sheets
- d different parts of the world were in approximately the same level of capitalist development in 1492. what made europe surge ahead was the enormous wealth is acquired from the americas, the slave plantations and slave trade.
- e locational advantage of being closest to the americas geographically
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce
- muslim mathematician who produced a book called Optics which revolutionized ideas about vision. he showed that people see objects because rays pass from the objects to the eyes, not vice versa
- city in Peru that was one of the great mining centers in the sixteenth century New World. The Spanish crown was particularly interested in mining because it received one-fifth of all mining revenues
- The backbone of New England's economy during the colonial period. Ships from New England sailed first to Africa, exchanging New England rum for slaves. The slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean (this was known as the Middle Passage, when many slaves died on the ships). In the Caribbean, the slaves were traded for sugar and molasses. Then the ships returned to New England, where the molasses were used to make rum.
5 True/False Questions
import substitution → A mercantilist strategy for economic growth in which a country restricts imports in order to spur demand for locally produced goods.
Quantity Theory of Money → The process of buying a good in one market at a low price and selling it in another market at a higher price
coalbrookdale → The process of buying a good in one market at a low price and selling it in another market at a higher price
arthshastra → Chanakya
Minas Gerias → establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country