5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Minas Gerias
- import substitution
- in terms of wind movement over the atlantic ocean, the probability of an Iberian (portuguese/spanish) ship sailing to the americas was greater then an Asian or African ship. Why?
- Triangular Trade
- a Winds in the Indian ocean move in a clockwise direction while that of Atlantic in anti-clock wise direction. So the design of the Asian and african ships were unsuited for sail in the atlantic
- b Source of gold, iron ore, coal (Southwestern Brazil) , The most important of the Portuguese trade forts was this in the heart of the gold-producing region.
- c The backbone of New England's economy during the colonial period. Ships from New England sailed first to Africa, exchanging New England rum for slaves. The slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean (this was known as the Middle Passage, when many slaves died on the ships). In the Caribbean, the slaves were traded for sugar and molasses. Then the ships returned to New England, where the molasses were used to make rum.
- d establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country
- e A mercantilist strategy for economic growth in which a country restricts imports in order to spur demand for locally produced goods.
5 Multiple choice questions
- muslim mathematician who produced a book called Optics which revolutionized ideas about vision. he showed that people see objects because rays pass from the objects to the eyes, not vice versa
- An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce
- The process of buying a good in one market at a low price and selling it in another market at a higher price
- brazil in the 16th century growing sugar
- Rationalists. believed that human reason is more reliable than tradition.Originated in the 8th century in Basra (Iraq) when Wasil ibn Ata. left the teaching lessons of Hasan al-Basri after a theological dispute.
5 True/False questions
Protocapitalism → city in Peru that was one of the great mining centers in the sixteenth century New World. The Spanish crown was particularly interested in mining because it received one-fifth of all mining revenues
Feudal Mode of Production → A mercantilist strategy for economic growth in which a country restricts imports in order to spur demand for locally produced goods.
aryabhatta → Famous classical mathematician, wrote a book that summarized Hindu mathematics, discovered pi, calculated the length of the solar system, and the circumference of the earth during India's Classical Era.
what was the main reason for the rapid collapse of the great civilizations of the Incas and Aztecs in the americas soon after the arrival of Spanish conquistadors? → diseases the europeans introduced took its toll often even before the actual physical arrival of the spaniards
deindustrialization → process of social and economic change caused by removal of industry