abstinence violation effect
in which the person becomes upset and self-blaming over the lapse and views it as proof that eh will never be strong enough to resist temptation.
sustained activity, such as jogging, swimming, and bicycling, that elevates the heart rate and increases the body's need for oxygen
Foreign substances that trigger a biochemical response from the immune system
the belief that we can perform the behaviors necessary to cope successfully
seeing ourselves as better off than the standard for comparison ->experience increased satisfaction
strategies attempt to manage the emotional responses that result from a stressful situation.
opiate substances in the brain that reduce pain
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
consists of three phases: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
is a prevention strategy that is designed not to eliminate a problem behavior but rather to reduce the harmful effects of that behavior when it occurs.
addresses factors that influence well-being and illness, as well as measures that can be taken to promote health and prevent illness.
capacity to adapt to both good and bad
life event scales
quantify the amount of life stress that a person has experiences over a given period of time (e.g., the past 3 months, 6 months, year)
leads the person to his or her own conclusion by asking questions that focus on discrepancies between the current state of affairs and the individual's ideal self-image, desired behaviors, and desired outcomes
often combine biological measures (e.g., the use of nicotine patches to help smokers quit), with psychological measures
physiologically inert substances that have no medicinal value but are thought by the patient to be helpful
posttraumatic growth (PTG)
This experience of major positive change following a crisis
strategies attempt to confront and directly deal with the demands of the situation or to change the situation so that it is no longer stressful
environmental or personal resources that create resilience, helping people cope more effectively with stressful events
is designed to reduce the risk of relapse
the ability to tolerate, and even thrive in highly stressful circumstances
seeking social support
turning to others for assistance and emotional support in times of stress
pattern of cognitive appraisals, physiological responses, and behavioral tendencies that occurs in response to a perceived imbalance between situational demands and the resources needed to cope with them.
are specific kinds of stimuli, they place demands on us that threaten our well-being and require us to adapt in some manner
has cognitive, physiological, and behavioral components
people's emotional responses and their degree of satisfaction with various aspects of their life
that identified six major stages in the change process
Type A behavior pattern
People who tend to live under great pressure and demand much of themselves and others
when we view ourselves as worse off than the standard for comparison -> produces dissatisfaction