the voice talking in the poem-not always the poet.
what the poem is about; the topic.
the idea behind the poem; the main point
the emotion created by the poem, emotion evoked in the reader or listener.
the attitude of the speaker towards his subject, not always the same as mood.
the opposite of what is expected, a pointed contrast between reality and expectations.
the choice of words as per the emotion they create and the meaning and mood they convey.
a meaning or emotion that has come to be attached to a word beyond the literal dictionary definition.
the literal meaning of a word, the one found in a dictionary.
collection of sensory images in a work of literature; language that helps the reader experience the subject through his/her five senses. includes sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell.
figurative language/figures of speech
a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be taken literally.
a comparison between two unlike things in which one becomes the other or suggests the other without using like or as.
a comparison between two unlike things using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than.
a person or thing that represents something larger than itself, usually an abstract idea or feeling.
a figure of speech in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as though it were human.
use of exaggeration to express strong emotion or to create a comic effect.
a person, place, or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it.
A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in 'all hands on deck' (all men should be on deck, not just their hands).
direct address in a poem to someone or something that cannot hear or respond
a reference in one work to some event, place, or person in another work of literature, history, myth, pop culture or science, etc.
repeating sounds, words or lines which helps to give poetry meaning, emotion, or rhythm.
repetition of phrases, sentences, or structure for emphasis or meaning (it may be a structure that is repeated with different words).
repetition of initial consonant sounds in words close together in a poem.
repetition of similar vowel sounds in words that are close together in a poem.
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning.
the musical quality of a poem produced by repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables.
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry.
a unit of measurement of poetic rhythm containing one accented syllable.
making the stressed and unstressed syllables in order to determine rhythm.
two feet per line.