Having 2 of the same alleles for a trait (bb) or (BB)
Having 2 different alleles for a trait (Bb)
An organism that has 2 of the same alleles for a trait
The sex cells of an organism
A strong likelihood or chance of something happening
The sex chromosome found in men and women; females have two x chromosomes (XX), males have one x and one Y(XY)
The sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.(XY)
A threadlike strand in the nucleus that controls cell
activity and carries genetic material to pass traits to offspring. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes.
The reproductive process that involves only
one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent.
The reproductive process that involves two
parents who combine their genetic material to produce a new
organism, which differs from both parents.
A fertilized egg.The result of sexual reproduction when each parent contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring
Transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structure
Human Genome Project
First detailed map of every gene in the human ( approximately 20,000-25,000 genes); focus-to reverse human disease
Distinctive characteristics or behavior traits of parents or other relatives
An offspring that has different genetic information for a trait from each parent (Mixed)