the convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in 1787
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. Government is based on consent of the governed.
In this type of government everyone, including all authority figures, must obey laws. Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of the elected, appointed, or inherited positions.
Separation of power
The division of a central government into two or more branches, each having its own responsibilities and authorities.
Checks and Balances
system that allows each branch to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power