The special senses

18 terms by cstanm Plus

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accommodation

the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina

cochlea

a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger nerve impulses

fovea

the center of color vision & site of sharpest vision

gustation

sense of taste

iris

muscular diaphragm that controls the size of the pupil

macula

a yellowish central area of the retina where the image arrives after passing through the lens

nociceptors

Pain receptors which are found everywhere in the body except for the brain.

olfaction

sense of smell

proprioception

the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts

pupil

contractile aperture in the iris of the eye

retina

the light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball

sclera

tough, fibrous, white outer coat extending from the cornea to the optic nerve

labyrinth

a maze

lacrimal

Pertaining to tears

tympanum

the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound

incus

one of the three bones of the middle ear shaped like anvil

stapes

the auditory ossicle known as the stirrup

malleus

the ossicle attached to the eardrum

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