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subcontinent

A large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent.

caste

Social class based on a person's ancestry.

outcaste

In Hinduism, a group that is so beneath the castes that it belongs to no caste and is assigned by society to do the dirtiest and most degrading work, such as picking up garbage and tanning animal hides to make leather. Also called untouchables.

Hinduism

A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms.

Buddhism

A world religion or philosophy based on the teaching of the Buddha and holding that a state of enlightenment can be attained by suppressing worldly desire

reincarnation

In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding

Siddartha Guatama

Founder of Buddhism

Mohandas Gandhi

A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.

Himalayas

The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from the rest of Asia.

Mount Everest

The tallest mountain in the world at 29,035 feet.

Khyber Pass

Mountain pass that allows entry into India.

New Dehli

The capital of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru

The first Prime Minister of India.

Jainism

A religion founded in India in the 6th century BC, whose members believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore should not be harmed

Sikhism

Religion founded by Nanak that blended Islamic and Hindu beliefs.

Taj Mahal

A beautiful tomb in Agra, India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Mumbai

Bombay

Diwali

The Hindu Festival of Lights.

Hindi

The most widely used language of India.

cottage industry

Small-scale manufacturing that can be carried on at home by family members using their own equipment

jute

Plant fiber used for making rope, burlap bags, and carpet backing

monsoon

Seasonal winds.

rice

The staple crop of South Asia.

polytheism

Belief in many gods

Indus

Major river of Pakistan.

Ganges

Sacred river of India.

Islamabad

The capital of Pakistan.

Urdu

The official language of Pakistan.

cyclone

An intense tropical storm with high winds and heavy rains.

Dhaka

The capital of Bangladesh.

Kathmandu

The capital of Nepal.

Thimphu

The capital of Bhutan.

dzongs

Buddhist centers of prayer and study.

Sri Lanka

Brilliant Land.

Sinhalese

They are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. Most of the _____ are Buddhists

Tamils

Hindu minority trying to achieve independence in Buddhist dominated Sri Lanka

Colombo

The capital of Sri Lanka.

Lagoon

Shallow body of water or lake near a sea; lake separated from a sea by sandbars or coral reefs

Atoll

An island consisting of a circular coral reef surrounding a lagoon

Bhutan

Land of the Thunder Dragon

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