World Geo Chapters 8-10

Created by myonker 

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Cordilera

Parallel chains or ranges of mountains

Altiplano

spanish for high plan, a region in Peru and Bolivia encircle by the Andes peak

Escarpment

steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower land surface

Llano

fertile plains in inland areas of Colombia and Venezuela

Pampas

grassy treeless plains of southern South America

Gaucho

cowhands of Argentina and Uruguay

Hydroelectric power

electrical energy generated by falling water

Estuary

an area where the tide meets a river current

Canopy

top layer of a rain forest, where the tops of tall trees forma continuous layer of leaves

Tierra caliento

Spanish for 'hot land'; the lowest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates

Tierra templada

Spanish for 'temperate land' ; the middle altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates

Tierra fria

Spanish for 'cold land' ; the highest altitude zone of the Latin American highland climates

Indigenous

native to a place

Dialect

local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group

Patois

dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages

Urbanization

the movement of people from rural areas into cities

Megacity

cities with more than 10 million people

Primate City

a city that dominates a country's economy, culture and government and in which population in concentrated; usually the capital city

Glyph

picture writing carved in stone

Chinampas

floating farming islands made by the Aztec

Quipu

knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records

Conquistador

Spanish term for 'conqueror' referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America

Viceroy

representative of the Spanish monarch appointed to enforce laws in colonial Latin America

Caudillo

a Latin American political leader from the late 1800's on, often a military dictator

Syncretism

a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith

Mural

wall painting

Mosaic

picture or design made with small pieces of colored stone, glass, shell or tile

Extended family

household made up of several generations of family members

Malnutrition

faulty or inadequate nutrition

Futbol

Spanish term for soccer

Jai alai

traditional handball-type game popular with Mexicans and Cubans

Export

commodities sent from one country to another for purposes of trade

Campesino

farm workers; generally people who live and work in rural areas

Latifundia

in Latin America, large agricultural estates owned by families or corporations

Minifundia

in Latin America, small farms that produce food chiefly for family use

Cash crop

farm crop grown to be sold or traded rather than used by the farm family

Developing country

country in the process of becoming industrialized

Service industry

business that provides a service instead of making goods

Maquiladora

in Mexico, manufacturing plants set up by foreign firms

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

trade agreement made in 1994 by Canada, US and Mexico

Sustainable development

technological and economic growth that does not deplete the human and natural resources of a give area

Deforestation

the loss or destruction of forests, mainly for logging or farming

Slash-and-burn

traditional farming method in which all trees and plants in an area are cut and burned to add nutrients

Reforestation

replanting young trees or seeds on lands where trees have been cut or destroyed

Shantytown

makeshift communities on the edges of cities

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