Palpation of Boney Landmarks - Upper Extremity and Head

26 terms by hyeyeonhwang 

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Zygomatic bone

"cheek bone"

Clavicle

"collar bone" - from its medial end at sternoclavicular joint to its lateral end at acromioclavicular joint

Sternal notch

at the superior end of manubrium between medial ends of the two clavicles

Coracoid process of scapula

inferior to lateral part of clavicle

Sternum

"breast plate" - between ribs

Xiphoid process

"sword-like" - pointed process at inferior end of sternum

Ribs

at angle of rib on lateral thorax

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

lateral bump on distal end of humerus

Medial epicondyle of humerus

medial bump on distal end of humerus

Head of radius

boney knob just distal to lateral epicondyle of humerus (with elbow extended, it can be felt rolling during supination and pronation)

Pisiform

medial carpal bone at distal skin crease on anterior wrist

Mastoid process of temporal bone

Behind ear lobe

C7 spinous process

First prominent bump when neck is flexed

Spinous processes of vertebral column

Line of bumps down middle of back

Spine of scapula

Ridge across posterior scapula

Acromion process of scapula

Lateral end of spine of scapula; forms top of shoulder

Vertebral border of scapula

Medial border that runs parallel to vertebral column

Inferior angle at scapula

Lower angle

Axillary border of scapula

Lateral border from inferior angle to axilla (armpit)

Lateral epicondyle of humerus

Lateral bump on distal end of humerus

Medial epicondyle of humerus

Medial bump on distal end of humerus

Olecranon process of ulna

Point of elbow on posterior surface between lateral and medial epicondyles

Posterior border of ulna

Sharp dorsal margin of ulna; palpated entire length

Styloid process of ulna

A prominent knob on distal end of posterior ulna

Styloid process of radius

Distal end of lateral aspect of radius (it is slightly more distal than syloid process of ulna)

Metacarpal heads

"KNuckles" at MP joints

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