Palpation of Boney Landmarks- Pelvis and Lower Extremity

23 terms by xxbaldwinliwanagxx 

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Iliac crest

"hip bone" From anterior superior iliac spine to posterior superior iliac spine.

Anterior superior iliac spine

Anterior bump at end of iliac crest on anterior surface.

Greater trochanter of femur

Large boney prominence on lateral proximal thigh at hip joint.

Pubic symphysis

Anterior midline joint of pelvic girdle.

Medial epicondyle of femur

Distal enlargement on medial femur.

Lateral epicondyle of femur

Distal enlargement on lateral femur.

Patella

knee cap.

Head of fibula

Bump on superior end of fibula, inferior to lateral epicondyle of femur.

Tuberosity of tibia

Large bump on proximal anterior tibia, inferior to patella

Anterior shaft of tibia

"shin bone" Sharp margin below tibia tuberosity; can be palpated its entire length.

Medial malleolus

Medial "ankle bone"; distal end of tibia.

Lateral malleolus

Lateral "ankle bone"; distal pointed end of fibula.

Iliac crest

"hip bone" From anterior superior iliac spine to posterior superior iliac spine.

Posterior superior iliac spine

Boney prominence at end of iliac crest on posterior surface; lies just about the "dimple" or depression which is the landmark for the sacroiliac joint on the body surface

Sacrum

Curved triangular bone (five fused vertabrae) beneath lumbar spine.

Coccyx

Caudal tip of vertabral column, deep between the two buttocks.

Ischial tuberosity

Boney prominence that takes weight of body when seated upright.

Medial epicondyle of femur

Distal enlargement on medial femur

Lateral epicondyle of femur

Distal enlargement on lateral femur

Head of fibula

Bump on superior end of fibula, inferior to lateral epicondyle of femur.

Medial malleolus

Medial "ankle bone"; distal end of tibia.

Lateral malleolus

Lateral "ankle bone"; distal pointed end of fibula

Calcaneus

heel bone.

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