Sociology - Chapter 3 - Culture

Created by gotjoosy 

Upgrade to
remove ads

28 terms

culture

beliefs, values, attitudes, material objects, and social heritage shared by a particular people

values

standards by which members of a culture distinguish the desirable from the undesirable, good from bad, etc.

language

the primary agent of cultural transmission

media

institutionally, the primary agent of cultural transmission

robin williams' 10 values

equal opportunity, achievement and success, activity and work, material comfort, practicality and efficiency, progress, science, democracy and free enterprise, freedom, racism and group superiority

norms

rules that guide a spectrum of behaviors and/or any particular society

prescriptive norms

things we should do

proscriptive norms

things we should not do

mores

norms that have great moral significance

etiquette

an example of a more

taboo

often a synonym for a proscriptive more

sanctions

external punishments and rewards from others to promote conformity

shame

internal painful acknowledgment of the negative judgment of others (guilt/discomfort we feel when others judge/correct us)

real and ideal culture

what goes along with the saying "do as I say, not as I do"

culture of victimization

no one accepts responsibility

multiculturalism

recognition of past and present cultural diversity in American society coupled with efforts to promote the equality of all cultural traditions

cultural diversity

the blend of cultural traditions in any given area

subculture

cultural patterns that distinguish some segment of the population (there's a variation)

counter culture

cultural patterns that strongly oppose popular culture

cultural lag

time required or resistance of social institutions to change to innovation

cultural relativity

opposite of ethnocentrism, judging a culture by its own standards

melting pot (amalgamation)

A + B + C = D

pluralism

A + B + C = A + B + C

anglo-conformity

A + B + C = A

cultural poverty

argues that disorganization and pathology of lower class culture is self-perpetuating through cultural transmission

symbols

clothing, gestures, icons, or anything carrying recognition to a particular culture

material objects

tangible human creations (weapons, for example)

non-material objects

intangible human creations (religion, politics, etc.)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set