The Republicans suffered heavy losses in the congressional election of 1862. And in response, they created a broad coalition of all groups who supported the war. But really it was just the Republican party. Lincoln ran for president under this party's name in 1864.
Elected president of the confederate states of America during the Civil War.
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln on April 4th 1865.
This Act of 1862 permitted any citizen of prospective citizen to claim 160 acres of public land and to purchase it for a small fee after living on it for five years.
This Act of 1862 transferred substantial public acreage to the state governments, which were to sell the land and use the proceeds to finance public education. This Act led to the creation of many new colleges and Universities.
National Banking System
This system was created by the National Bank Acts of 1863-64. Stating that existing or newly formed banks could join the system if they had enough capitol and were willing to invest one-third of it in government securities. In return, they could issue U.S. treasury bank notes as currency. The new system created a uniform system of national bank notes.
Lincolns greatest political problem was the widespread popular opposition to the war, mobilized by factions of the democratic party. These peace democrats feared that the agriculture and the northwest were losing influence to industry and the east and that Republican nationalism was eroding states rights.
This battle, in July of 1863, was the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, and determined the outcome of the war.
Ten Percent Plan
This was Lincolns plan for Reconstruction. A plan to make it easy for the South to reenter the Union. It said that when ten percent of the voters in the election of 1860 took an oath of loyalty to the U.S., then that state could enter the Union
White men from the North who served as Republican leaders in the South (They were disliked).
This battle, in September of 1862, was the bloodiest single day of the Civil War, and convinced Lincoln to change the reason for the war.
Johnson's plan for Reconstruction. It said that the President would appoint a provisional government for each succeeded state, and when a majority of the voters in the election of 1860 took an oath of loyalty to the U.S. the state could call for elections to a constitutional convention.
Those who voted in that election had to take the Iron Clad Oath: Swear that they had never born arms against the United States.
It also stated that the President could also pardon old confederate leaders who petitioned for it.
Tenure of Office Act
This Act forbade the President from removing civil officials, including members of his cabinet, without consent of the senate. This Act was meant to restrain Johnson during his presidency.
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office.
Political power was restored to these white democrats in the south during Reconstruction. These democrats restored the south to its former racist self.