chapter 19 test. sections (1-2)

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Reasons Hitler planned to conquer Soviet Union

Conquer Soviet Union, resettle German peasants there and use the Slavic people as slave labor to build the Third Reich

Sudetenland

an area un northwestern Czechoslovakia inhabited largely by Germans (Hitler demanded that Germany he given the area)

Rhineland

Part of Germany, it was a demilitarized area; Hitler sent troops in

Appeasement

satisfying reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers to achieve stability/peace

Neville Chamberlain

British prime minister; appeased Hitler proclaiming " peace in our time"

Mukden incident

1931 Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese attack a Japanese Railway; use this as an excuse

Demilitarization

area not permitted to have weapons or fortifications

Anti-Comintern Pact

Germany and Japan, promising a common front against communist

Sanctions

Restrictions intended to enforce international law

Anschluss

Union with Austrasia. Threatened with invasion forced annexation

Blitzrieg

"lightening war" used panzer divisions (300tanks) supported by airplanes.

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941 japan attacked the US naval base in Hawaii

Battle of Midway

where the US defeated Japanese navy and established naval superiority, considered the turning point in the war in Asia

Battle of Britain

German bombing od industrial and military areas, then bombing od British cities British would not surrender

Island Hopping

US would capture some Japanese held islands and bypassing others while moving toward Japan

Dunkirk

City in northern France where heroic efforts of the British Royal Navy and civilians helped evacuate 338,000 Allied troops

D-Day

allied forced under General Eisenhower landed history's greatest naval invasion

Partisans

resistance fighters (i.e. Italians who shot Mussolini)

Douglas MacArthur

US general, moved into the Philippines through New Guinea and S. Pacific Islands

V-E day

victory in Europe May 7, 1945

V-J Day

Victory over Japan August 14, 1945

Hiroshima

Japanese city atomic bomb was dropped on August 9, 1945

Adolf Hitler

committed suicide April 1945

Benito Mussolini

Dreamed of a new Roman Empire, invaded Ethiopia, sent troops to Spain

Chiang Kai-shek

Tried to avoid conflict with japan, greater threat from the Communist

Franklin Roosevelt

president of the United States, denounced the aggressors, but followed an isolationist policy

Winston Churchill

Britain's Prime Minister, a symbol of British strength/ determination

Harry Truman

US President in 1945, made decision to drop first nuclear bomb

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