Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country because they were considered a threat to the American work force.
Pacific Railway Act
1862 legislation to encourage the construction of a transcontinental railroad, connecting the West to industries in the Northeast (Union Pacific and Central Pacific RR)
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work.
Refers to the industrialists or big business owners who gained huge profits by paying their employees extremely low wages. They also drove their competitors out of business by selling their products cheaper than it cost to produce it. Then when they controlled the market, they hiked prices high above original price.
United States robber baron who accumulated great wealth from railroads and shipping businesses (1794-1877)
United State robber baron who accumulated great wealth from steel.
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)
written in 1888 by Edward Bellamy, tells the story of a young man who wakes in 2000
Knights of Labor
1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
organized American Federation of Labor
American Federation of Labor. A union of skilled workers from one or more trades which focused on collective bargaining (negotiation between labor and management) to reach written agreements on wages hours and working conditions. The AFL used strikes as a major tactic to win higher wages and shorter work weeks.
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
Originally a social organization between farmers, it developed into a political movement for government ownership of railroads
The Greenback Party
This group demanded the circulation of paper money and other reforms