a non-dramatic poem which tells a story or presents a narrative, whether complex or simple, long or short
an eight line stanza.
the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.
form of paradox that combines a pair of contrary terms into a single expression.
a situation or action or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or at least to make sense.
a similar grammatical structure within a line or lines of poetry.
a restatement of an ideas in such a way as to retain the meaning while changing the diction and form.
a kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics.
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings
a four line stanza with any combination of rhymes.
a group of words forming a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
close similarity or identity of sound between accented syllables occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse.
a seven line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets
the recurrence of stressed and unstressed syllables
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it.
writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule.
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the types of feet per line.
a six line stanza
a directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with "like," "as," or "than."
normally a fourteen line iambic pentameter poem. abba, abba, cde, cde for English. abab, cdcd, efef, gg for Shakespearean.
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme.
the management of language for a specific effect
the arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work.
the mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author.
something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else.
a form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole.
the ordering of words into patterns or sentences.
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
a three line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc, etc.
the main thought expressed by a work.
the manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning.
the opposite of hyperbole.
a nineteen line poem divided into five tercets and a final quatrain. aba aba aba aba aba abaa.