MAK WSC 2012 Poetry Terms

Created by kevinkuo2004 Plus

Upgrade to
remove ads

42 terms

Poetic Devices

Basic techniques; tools poets use to express themselves

Lines

One horizontal row of words in a poem

Form & Content

Convey author's meaning

Stanza (Verse)

Group of lines

Sections

Group of stanzas

Epigraph

Short quote introducing the poem and sets its tone

Rhythm

Use of words' sounds to create emphasis or patterns

Accent (Stress)

Part of word that has a stronger sound

Scansion

The study of the meter of a poem

Feet

Units of stressed and unstressed syllables divided by meter

Iamb

Consists 2 syllables, with the unstressed syllable first

Iambic Tetrameter

4 iambs per line

Iambic Pentameter

5 iambs per line

Blank Verse

Iambic Pentameter without rhymes

Trochee

Consists 2 syllables, with the stressed syllable first

Trochaic Tetrameter

4 trochees per line

Dactyl

Have 3 syllables, with the first one stressed

Dactylic Trimeter

3 dactyls per line

End Rhyme

2 lines that rhymes at the ends

Internal Rhyme

Appears when rhymes occurs in the middle of lines

Rhyme Scheme

Use of the pattern of end rhyme

Shakespearean Sonnet

Famous poetic form that has the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, where GG is a rhyming couplet

Rhyming Couplet

Stanza made of 2 rhyming lines

Alliteration

Words that begin with the same consonant are placed close to one another

Consonance

Consonant sounds repeat in the middle or at the ends of adjacent words

Assonance

Vowel sounds repeat in adjacent words
(Letter doesn't matter)

Free Verse

Poems that lack consistent patterns of meter or rhyme
Grew popular in the late 19th century

Prose Poem

Poems using sentences or grammar resembling normal speech

Simile

comparing two things, stating something is like something; uses terms such as like or as

Metaphor

Declares that 2 things are the same; doesn't uses terms like "like" or "as"

Symbolism

Technique of comparison

Personification

Applying human or life-like terms to an inanimate object

Poetic License

poet's freedom to alter and change language to exaggerate, distort to create desired effects

stream-of-consciousness

a style in which one expresses ideas the moment they come into one's head

Paean

a song of praise

quatrains

four-line stanzas

octave

eight-line stanza

sestet

six-line stanza

tercet

two three-line stanzas

haiku

three line Japanese poetic form, with five syllables in the first and third line and seven syllables in the second line

Modernists

poets who rejects the traditional approach to poetic forms

Romantics

group of artists and writers of the 19th century who depended on emotion and nature for much of their inspiration

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set