Criminology Final Quiz Review - Unit 10 & Chapter 13

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Review of unit 10 and chapter 13.

Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program

A National Institute of Justice program, that tracks trends in the prevalence and types of drug use among booked arrestees in urban areas.

Dangerous Drug

A term used by the Drug Enforcement Administration to refer to "broad categories or classes of controlled substances other than cocaine, opiates, and cannabis products." Amphetamines, methamphetamines, PCP, LSD, methcathinone, and "designer drugs" are all examples.

Decriminalization

The redefinition of certain previously criminal behaviors into regulated activities that become "ticketable" rather than "arrestable".

Designer Drugs

"New substances designed by slightly altering the chemical makeup of other illegal or tightly controlled drugs."

Drug-Defined Crime

A violation of the laws prohibiting or regulating the possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs.

Drug-Related Crime

A crime in which drugs contribute to the offense (excluding violations of drug laws).

Drug Trafficking

Manufacturing, distributing, dispensing, importing and exporting (or possession with intent to do the same) a controlled or counterfeit substance.

Heroin Signature Program (HSP)

A Drug Enforcement Administration program that identifies the geographic source of a heroin sample through the detection of specific chemical characteristics in the sample peculiar to the source area.

Interdiction

An international drug control policy that aims to stop drugs from entering the country illegally.

Legalization

Elimination of the laws and criminal penalties associated with certain behaviors--usually the production, sale, distribution, and possession of a controlled substance.

National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)

A national survey of illicit drug use among people 12 years of age and older that is conducted annually by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)

A national office charged by Congress with establishing policies, priorities, and objectives for the nation's drug-control program. Responsible for developing and disseminating the National Drug Control Strategy.

Pharmacaceutical Diversion

The process by which legitimately manufactured controlled substances are diverted for illicit use.

Psychoactive Substance

A substance that affects the mind, mental processes, or emotions.

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