surgical repair of a blood vessel
excision of fatty plaque (from a bloked artery using a specialized catheter and a rotary cutter)
excision within the artery (excision of plaque from the arterial wall). This procedure is usually named for the artery to be cleaned out, such as carotid endarterectomy, which means removal of plaque from the wall of the carotid artery.
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the outer layer (pericardial sac) (used to treat cardiac tamponade)
excision of a vein.
incision into a vein (to remove blood or to give blood or intravenous fluids) (also called venipuncture)
surgical repair of a valve (cardiac or venous)
excision of the spleen
surgical fixation of the spleen
excision of the thymus gland