1938 meeting at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand their territory any further.
This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, and that Aryans were the dominant race. He was against Jews, communists, and many other people.
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Agreement between Hitler and Stalin to not attack each other and that they could split up Poland between the two of them.
"Lightning War" Hitler used this strategy of war which involved fast-moving tanks and planes followed by massive infantry.
Charles de Gaulle
A French general who was exiled to Britain after France fell to Germany. He committed all his energy into reconquering France.
Area in southern France that was a puppet government; Petain was made president; Germany was really controlling
British prime minister who declared that his nation would never give into Hitler, and they would keep fighting.
Battle of Britain
Daily and then nightly bombing of London that lasted for months. Although greatly outnumbered, the RAF resisted the Luftwaffe and Hitler had to call off the attacks. It showed that Hitler's attacks could be stopped.
Signed by Churchill of Britain and Roosevelt of the United States and it upheld free trade among nations. It also served as the peace plan after the war.
Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor to destroy the US fleet.
The Japanese attacked this American place on December 7, 1941. The Japanese sunk many American ships and killed many people there as well. This caused the United States to enter WWII.
Battle of Midway
Attack by Japan that was meant to draw the entire American fleet to the battle. Thanks to Allied code-breakers, the Americans knew the attack was coming and they hid beyond the horizon and took the Japanese by surprise and beat them.
General of Allied forces in the Pacific. Developed Island Hopping and led the Allies to a victory over Japan.
The process of seizing islands that were not well-defended but closer to Japan, instead of Japanese stronghold.
Battle of Guadalcanal
A six month battle at sea and on land. The Americans attacked this island because the Japanese were building a huge air base here. The Japanese finally surrendered after losing 24,000 troops.
Hitler's "master race" of pure Germans. The term was misused as it really refers to Indo-European people who migrated to India around 1500 BC.
The systematic mass slaughter of Jews and other groups that the Nazi's thought were inferior.
Night of Broken Glass: Nov 9, 1938. Night when the Nazis killed or injured many Jews and destroyed many Jewish properties.
Segregated Jewish areas where living conditions were awful and crowded.The Nazis hoped that the Jews inside would starve to death or die from disease.
Hitler's SS rounded up Jews and put them in concentration camps where they worked endlessly with very little food and horrible conditions. Those who were "weak" and were unable to work were immediately killed.
Systematic killing of an entire people.
German general who commanded troops in North Africa. He took the Libyan port city of Tobruk, but was defeated by Monty at El Alamein.
British general who commanded troops in North Africa. He defeated the Germans at El Alamein by launching a massive frontal attack on them.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American general who commanded Allied troops in North Africa, at Normandy, and Germany. He worked together with Monty in Africa to crush Rommel's forces, and led the Allied armies to victory in Europe. He also eventually became US president.
Battle of Stalingrad
The Luftwaffe bombed this place nightly and took over 90 percent of the city. Soviet troops launched a counterattack and trapped the Germans inside and cut off their supplies. Hitler eventually pulled out his troops.
Massive invasion of the beaches of German-controlled France. Over 150,000 troops and thousands of planes, ships, and tanks broke through German defenses at Normandy and liberated France eventually.
Japanese suicide pilots who sunk Allied ships by crashing their bomb-filled planes into them.
A war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.
Battle of the Bulge
When German forces broke through American defenses in the Ardennes. The push into the defenses gave the battle its name. The Allies managed to push back the German forces.
Iwo Jima and Okinawa
American Marines took these two islands that were close to Japan . The Japanese put up a desperate fight here but were overwhelmed by American forces.
Nagasaki and Hiroshima
Two Japanese civilian cities that had not been damaged at all during the war. An Atomic bomb was dropped on each and over 70,000 people were killed immediately in each city.
A massive bomb that releases a huge explosion when detonated by splitting the nucleus of a uranium atom.
The International Military Tribunal representing 23 nations charged 22 Nazi leaders for committing war crimes, crimes against humanity, and waging war.
Disbanding of the Japanese armed forces except their police force.