* born Feb. 7, 1817 and dies Feb. 20, 1895
* The black American was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century
*His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the US Abolition movement
* He became the first black citizen to hold high rank in the US government
*DURING THE CIVIL WAR (1861-65), he became a consultant to President Lincoln, advocating that former slaves be armed for the Norht and that the war be made a direct confrontation against slavery.
* Throughout Reconstruction (1865-77), he fought for full civil rights for freedom and vigorously supported the women's rights movement.
* Born Dec. 25, 1821 and died Apr. 12,1912
* She began teaching school at age 15
* By the end of the Civil War, she performed most of the services that would later be associated with the AMERICAN RED CROSS, Whis she founded in 1881
* 1904 she resigned as head of the ARC organization, retiring to her home at Glen Echo, outside Washington
Chief Justice Roger Taney
* As Andrew Jackson's attorney general, he helped close down the 2nd Bank of the US, bringing him in direct conflict with powerful leaders of the Senate, including Daniel Webster an Henry Clay
* Despite their opposition, 1n 1837 Jackson rewarded him by naming him chief justice of the Supreme Court
* in 1857, he ruled that the Constitution did not recognize the citizenship of an African American who had been born a slave
* this decision sparked bitter opposition from northern politicans and a heated defense from the South.
* It was one of the most important events leading up to war.