Nomenclature

38 terms by n00474539 

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Toluene

C6H5-CH3

Napthalene

Connected Benzene rings

tert-Butylbenzene

C6H5-C(CH3)2

Nitrobenzene

C6H5-NO2

xylenes

dimethyl derivatives of benzene

benzenecarbaldehyde or benzaldehyde

C6H5-CH=O

benzenecarboxylic acid or benzoic acid

C6H5-COH=O

Vinylbenzen or Styrene

C6H5-CH=CH2

Methyl phenyl ketone or Acetophenone

C6H5-C=O- -CH3

Benzenol or Phenol

C6H5-OH

Methoxybenzene or Anisole

C6H5-OCH3

Benenamine or Aniline

C6H5-NH2

Benzyl group

C6H5CH2-

ethane

2carbons

propane

3carbons

butane

4carbons

pentane

5carbons

hexane

6carbons

heptane

7carbons

octane

8carbons

nonane

9carbons

decane

10carbons

Ethers

CH3CH2OCH2CH3

Aldehydes

CH3CH=O

Ketones

CH3C=OCH3

Carboxylic acids

CH3COH=O

Acid anhydrides

CH3C=OOC=OCH3

Esters

CH3C=OOCH2CH3

Amides

CH3C=ONHCH3

Amines

CH3CH2NH2

Isopropyl

H3C-CH-CH3

Hydroxy

OH as one of several subunits on benzene

Furan

C4H4O

Thiophene

C4H4S

Pyrrole

C4H4NH

Pyridine

C5H5N

Occurs when an electron rich species is attracted to an electron poor species (electrophile). Substitution reaction carried out with nucleophile commonly in Na2CO3 or acetic acid

Nucleophilic Substitution

A conjugate addition reaction of a conjugatede diene to an alkene (the dienophile) to produce a cylohexene. Usually req. heat

Diels-Alder reaction

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