Hamilton's financial program
created National Bank, his plans benefitted the rich, assumed nation's debts into the state government, and paid off debts in installments wiith interest
Strict vs. loose interpretation of the constitution
strict:Constitution states that the government of the United States holds only those powers specifically granted to it by the Constitution;loose:interpretation of the Constitution posits that the government of the United States hold all powers that are not specifically denied to it by the Constitution.
Federalists vs. Republicans
Republicans want a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The Federalists wanted a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
incident of the late 1790s in which French secret agents demanded a bribe and a loan to France in lieu of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty and other issues
Alien and Sedition Acts
acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government, the alien act allowed the exportation of any alien believed to be a threat to national security and during times of war; sedition act made it a criminal offense to plot against the government -oppressed people's first amendment rights
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
Election of 1800
Tie between Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson which went to the House of Representatives. Jefferson won the presidency after 36 ballots when Alexander Hamilton persuaded three members of the House to vote for Jefferson. Significance: 12 amendment
Marbury vs. Madison
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Judicial review in finding that the congressional statue expanding the Court's original jurisdiction was unconstitutional
Thomas jefferson bought western land from napoleaon doubled nation in size caused tensin with indians and luis and clark were sent to survey the land
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
War of 1812
War between the U.S. and Great Britain which lasted until 1814, ending with the Treaty of Ghent and a renewed sense of American nationalism
(n.) an order forbidding the trade in or movement of commercial goods; any restraint or hindrance; (v.) to forbid to enter or leave port; to forbid trade with
Collapse of the Federalists Party
violate the first amendment which created great discontent amongst the Republicans;Republicans used these acts to their advantage by denouncing them as unconstitutional and persuaded many Americans to think the same way;hurt the Federalists' reputation which resulted in the replacement of Federalists by Republicans after 1796.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Hamilton's big idea; fiercely opposed by Jefferson and Democratic-Rep. The bank would regulate money and draw investors; showed that the constitution could be construed in many a way.
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
McCulloch vs. Maryland
The state of Maryland taxed banknotes produced by the Bank of the United States, claiming that the Bank was unconstitutional. Using implied powers, Marshall countered that the Bank was constitutional and ruled that Maryland was forbidden from taxing the Bank.
textile mill located in a factory town in Massachusetts that employed farm girls who lived in company-owned boardinghouses