Modern World History Chapter 14

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Freshman Modern World History Chapter 14 definitions. 4/4/12

proletariat

in Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and rule Russia.

Bolsheviks

a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who tool control of Russia's government in 1917

Lenin

founded the Communist Party in Russia and set up the world's first Communist Party dictatorship. He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. He then ruled the country until his death in 1924. (Father of the Revolution)

Rasputin

"Holy Man", Self-proclaimed holy man who claimed to heal the sick and have prophecy. He had much influence over Tsarina Alexandra and she often went to him for advise on political issues. He was believed to be having a sexual affair with Tsarina Alexandra and was assassinated by three members of the higher aristocracy; Tsarina Alexandra was very distraught and depressed due to his death (coincidence? I think not). (905)

Soviet

one of the local representatives councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicolas II

Communist Party

a political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin, originally the Russian Bolsheviks party

Joesph Stalin

Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition (780)

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Russia surendered large amount of territory to Germany and Allies

totalitarianism

government control over every aspect of public and private life

Command economy

economic system in which the government makes all economic desicions

collective farm

large government controlled farm formed by combining many small farms

Great Purge

campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during which Stalin sought to eliminate all communist party members and others who threatened his power.

Five year plan

plans outlined by Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union's economy

Kuomintang

nationalist party, The Chinese Nationalist Party, formed after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912

Sun Yixain

first great leader of the Kuomintang

May Fourth Movement

a national protest in China in 1919 in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interference

Mao Zedong

assistant librarian at Beijing university and one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party, Leader of the Chinese Communist Party (1927-1976). He led the Communists on the Long March (1934-1935) and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during the Japanese occupation of China (1937-1945).

Jiang Jeishi

succeded Yixain in 1925 to head up the Kuomintang, This man took over the Guomindang Party after the death of Sun Yatsen. He also established what appeared to be a united China under a strong central government in Najing which promised huge land reforms for the masses

Long March

a 6,000 mile long journey made in 1934-1935 by Chinese Communists fleeing from Jieshi's nationalist forces

Rowlatt Acts

laws that allowed the government to jail protesters without a trial for up to 2 years

Amristar Massacre

killing by British troops of nearly 400 indians gathered at Amristar to protest the Rowlatt Acts.

Gandi

a man that emerged as the leader of the independence movement. He didnt use violence, instead he used deeply religious and peaceful approaches to political activities

Civil Disobediance

the deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law and nonviolence as the new means to gain independence

Salt March

a peaceful protest against the Salt Acts in 1930 in which Gandi led his followers down to the sea and they made their own salt from evaporated sea water. (240 miles long)

Mustafa Kemal

a brilliant commander in 1922 that succesfully led turkish nationalists in fighting back the Greeks and then British backers.

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