The dictator of Italy.
The dictator of Germany. Responsible for Holocaust, Hitler Youth, et cetera
The dictator of Japan. Expanded Japanese territory to islands, Manchuria, et cetera
Leader of Great Britain and gave inspiring speeches to citizens to keep hope and determination to survive the bombing from german air forces "Luftwaffe"
~ Aka: "Desert Fox"
~Famous german general whose reputation was lost after his surrender in El Alamein.
(33rd) U.S. president, during WW2
An alliance of the countries Germany, Italy (later left alliance), and Japan
U.S., Great Britain, France, et cetera
Puts the importance of the country over the importance of the individual.
A political system where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life.
Giving in to someone's demands in order to keep the peace.
~ A german term meaning,"Lighting war"
~A swift military tactic; Air, Tanks, Foot Soldiers.
A german term which refers to additional space or territory within a country that could be used for developing or growth.
Battle of Britain
A battle fought in the air by german air force "Luftwaffe" and Britain's "Royal Airforce".
Miracle at Dunkirk
British forces in France retreated and one of the greatest rescues in the history of warfare took place at the coastal city Dunkirk.
Laws passed in 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1939 to limit U.S. involvement in war.
Neutrality Act: 1935
banned trade with countries engaged in warfare.
Neutrality Act: 1936
banned loans to belligerents.
Neutrality Act: 1937
Act that allowed the president to choose which country's trade was vital to the U.S. and could participate in a cash-and-carry basis., allow trade but prevent foreign entanglements by requiring warring nations to pay cash for non-military goods, and trasnport them in their ships, "cash-and-carry"
Neutrality Act: 1939
Permitted Great Britain and France to purchase weapons on a cash-and-carry basis.
To pay for in advance with cash and provide own personal transport.
1941 Law that authorized the president to provide aid to any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Selective Service Act
1940 law requiring all males aged 21 to 36 to register for military service.
Term used for American soldiers during WW2, derived from "Government Issue"
Battle of Stalingrad
A battle between Germany and the Soviet Union's Red Army. It was the turning point of the war in the Soviet's favor.
~June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
~Hitler placed troops along the coast, but assumed the landing spot to be at Calais and placed more troops there.
North Africa Campaign
Hitler realized that to control the Mediterranean Sea he must first have control over northern Africa and sent Rommel to begin the process.
Battle of the Bulge
Hitler's final attack. He ordered for every man and child to make a wall along the western German border. Eventually, some of the germans managed move the Allies back and created a bulge. Although they gave hard effort, the bulge was reduced and the Allies won.
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
Bataan Death March
Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942 at the Midway Islands, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint.
Battle of Okinawa
Allied victory over Japan on an island 350 miles from mainland Japan; March-June 1945.
A Japanese suicide plane.
Secret American program during WW2 to develop atomic bomb.
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
Nazi Germany's attempt to murder all European Jews.
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
Prejudice against Jews.
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
Operation Sea Lion
Name for Hitler's plan to invade Britain by both air and sea.