5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Sacred Theory of the Earth
- a Burnett
Strict fundamentalist approach to geology
Starts by assuming the Earth was created ~ 4,000 BC, dates biblical flood ~ 2400 BC
Predicted that the next biblical destruction will be a global wildfire
- b prediction that can be tested by experiment/observation
- c believed the Earth did not rise from the sea, rather that sea levels had steadily shrunk, gradually exposing land; tried to estimate the age of the Earth by measuring the annual drop in sea level
- d in an experiment, fixed variables.
- e The view that most of earth's geological features are the result of large-scale catastrophes such as floods, volcanic eruptions, etc. Geological forces not constant over time.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the process in which experts in a given field examine the results and conclusions of a scientist's study before that study is accepted for publication
- Within any layer of rock (stratum), different types of fossils succeed one another in the same relative order
- reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
- a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world
- The first caveman (woman) discovered by Buckland wearing jewelry (bones and ornaments) stained red due to mineral leaching.
5 True/False Questions
petrifactions → reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
Chain of Being → Ladder of nature: species were fixed, distinct types, that could be arranged in a linear sequence, like links in a chain
uniformitarianism → is the idea that the geologic processes that operate today also operated in the past. (Lyell)
Vulcanism (Plutonism) → believed the Earth did not rise from the sea, rather that sea levels had steadily shrunk, gradually exposing land; tried to estimate the age of the Earth by measuring the annual drop in sea level
Prodromus → in an experiment, fixed variables.