The process by which a fetus's metabolism, hormone production, and other physiological processes shift in response to inadequate energy intake during pregnancy is called the ________ theory.
Which of the following is NOT a maternal benefit of breastfeeding?
shortens the intervals between pregnancies
At what point during pregnancy is adequate folate MOST important?
during the first four weeks after conception
Macrocytic anemia results from a deficiency of
Fetal demand for iron is highest during the _______ trimester
The primary cause of gastroesophageal reflux and constipation during pregnancy is
relaxation of the smooth muscles
Milk that is low in fat and produced first in a nursing session is known as
Poor maternal intake of calcium increases the risk of ____ in the adult offspring
Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on the _____________
mother's weight before becoming pregnant