← Mammalogy Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Monotremata Subclass Prototheria. Monotremes: Echidna and Platypus Subclass Theria Infraclass Metatheria. Marsupials. Didelphimorphia Opposums. Ancestral type for all marsupials. Long prehensile tail, arboreal. Dasyuromorphia "hairy tail" carnivorous marsupials. Shrew- to dog-sized. Marsupium absent or poorly developed. Terrestrial, diverse. Diprotodontia Kangaroos/wallabies and smaller species with two front teeth. Some species convergent with flying squirrel (sugar glider). Kangaroos/wallabies homologous to antelopes or deer. Peramelemorphia Bandicoots Eutheria Placental Mammals Superorder Afrotheria African origin, includes 6 orders of placental mammals. Afrosoricida Share characteristics of the old Insectivora. Most, not all, eat insects and small inverts. Mammals that don't fit anywhere else. Simple teeth - insectivores. Small body size. Examples: Tenrec, Golden mole. Tenrec uses stridulation. Macroscelidea Elephant Shrews - elongated flexible snout. Rat- to mouse-sized. Different from insectivores - has cecum, zygomatic arches, auditory bullae, and small olfactory lobes. Monogamous, live in open, diurnal, saltation. Tubulidentata Aardvark, only species in order. Adaptations for digging - hoof-like claws; adaptations for eating ants/termites - long sticky tongue, pyloric stomach. Teeth have tubular pulp cavities, oval or figure eight shaped. Hyracoidea Hyrax. Rabbit-sized, resemble rodents. Enlarged incisors. Diastema present. Weird feet - short toes, gladular adhesive pads, grooming claw on second digit, flat nails resemble hooves. Herbivorous, colonial Proboscidea Elephants. Top incisors enlarged to tusks. Cheek teeth replaced from back when shed (from front). 5 digits on each foot, digits have hoof-like nail. Trunk - fusion and elongation of upper lip and rostrum. Asian and African; potential 3 species (2x african). Matrilineal social groups. Infrasound for communication. Sirenia Manatee, dugong, sea cow. Tropical or subtropical. Fully aquatic, lack of hind limbs, front limbs modified as flippers, tail laterally flattened for flipper. Nares high on skull, cheek teeth replaced from rear. Canines (sometimes incisors) absent. Vibrissae on lip and body. Superorder Xenarthra Unusual animals - Armadillos, sloths, anteaters. Cingulata Armadillos. Carapace - covers most of body, made of dermal bone plates covered by epidermal scales; attached to axial skeleton. Sparse hair, lacks incisors or canines. Teeth cylindrical and rootless. Digging, eat insects and larvae, sometimes berries, plant material, eggs. Pilosa Sloths and Anteaters. Sloths - syndactyly (fused toes), cervical vertebrae variable in number. Very low metabolic rate. Anteaters - Long tubular rostrums, small mouths. No teeth, pyloric portion. Erinaceomorpha Hedgehogs. Short spines, roll up in ball. Omnivorous - teeth include molars, incisors. Heterothermic heat regulation; capable of hibernation (obligate in some species) Soricomorpha Moles, solenodons, shrews. Moles - fossorial, robust front limbs, keeled sternum, small eyes, insectivorous. Solenodons - muskrat-sized, roll in ball, but no spines, submaxillary gland toxin. Shrews - smallest of all mammals, one family has red-pigmented teeth, insectivorous, one species has venemous saliva - neurotoxin, prefer mesic habitat.