Test 3

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Romantic Period

The Romantic Period

1820-1900
Emotion, Symbolism, Subconcious, Subjective, Personal, Tension, Passion, Irrational, Supernatural

What is the most "romantic" art form

Music; intangible can't hold a chord
Boundlessness

Romantic music aspires to transcend "time-space reality"

a. experssion of inexpressible
b. fulfill nonrefillable
c. attain unattainable

Personality of the artist

reflects artwork

Attraction to nature

Response to Industrial Revolution

Mendel

Genetics Agriculture

Mendelecv

Periodic Table

Darwin

Natural Selection

Bell

Phone

Edison

Phonograph, Light Bulb

Pasteur

Bacteria Sterilizing

Maxwell/Faraday

Light ware, Electrical Magnet

Freud

Psychology

Art Song

Solo voice, piano accompaniment, Piano establishes mood
intimacy of expression
Lied (Lieder)

Strophic Song Form

the SAME music is used to accompany ALL verses of text

Through-Composed Form

DIFFERENT music is used with each part of text

Song Cycle

Collection of songs based on a simple story or simple poem

Schubert

Composer of Art Songs (600+)
Composer of "Unfinished" Symphony
struggled to make ends meet supported by friends
Died of Syphilis at 31

"Wondern"

From "Die Scheme Millerin"
Example of Strophic Song Form

"Erl King"

Through-Composed Form

Robert Schumann

music critic and concert pianist turned to composing after device used to strengthen this finger left him crippled suffering mental illness from syphilis attempted suicide spending last 2 years in mental hospitial

Aufschwung (Soaring)

Impulsive and dramatically passionate side of personality

Chopin

composer of piano music Polish-French

Polonaise in A-Flat (Heroic)

Noble piano piece Chopin's Polish pride in Polish dance

Muzurka in B-Flat Minor

whimsical piece Polish dance showing Chopin's moody temperment

Clara Schumann

wife of Robert Gifted pianist but gave up for family `

Brahms

High priestess of piano and long life friend of Clara Schumann

Nocturne (from Evening Entertainment)

composed when she was 16 dreamy shows Chopin's style

Program Music

instruments attempt to potray something not musical

Absolute Music

just musical ideas

Symphonic Poem

single movement orchestral music depicting a story form is "free"

Program Symphony

multi-movement ochrestral bears title with every movement having title

Concerto Overture

beginning of concert differs from symphonic poem in Sonata form

Incidental Music

instrumental music to accompany drama

Berlioz

Emotionally unstable bipolar composer Program Symphony (Symphonie Fantastique) based on hallcination attempted suicide with Opium

He wrote 1st textbook on "Orchestrtion"

Berlioz

Symphonie Fantastique

As a program symphony symphony is unified by fixed reoccurs in every movement represents beloved actress Harriet Smithson

Movement IV March to the Scaffold

heroic figure faced with guillotine and ends with head chopped off

Movement V Dream of Witches Sabbath

Ghoulish strange music depicts nightmare of Hell beloved dancing with witches

Liszt

greatest pianist of Romantic Period idolized 1st rock star of time

Invented solo piano recital and Symphonic Poem "Les Preludes"`

Liszt "The Little Bell"

Nationalism

1800s saw a rise in this in music especially among lesser countries of Europe dominated by bigger countries (Austro-Hungarian Empire)

The Moldau

symphonic poem sights of river inception as 2 springs moves majestically through capital, Prague

Dvorak Bohemia

student of Smetana who came to America and wrote a symphony capturing some of the sights and sounds of the country The New World Symphony
great supporter of African American music

Felix Mendelssohn

born wealthy prodominant jewish sister Franny was also good composer re-discovery of Bach's St.Mathews Passion played after 100 years of being lost

Violin Conerto I

This works is great e. of Romantic Concerto melody reigns supreme

Barahms

significant Romantic Period composer follwed Beethoven serious profound complex but tender and romantic moved into Schumanns help Clara Classical Romanticist

Requiem

Mass for the Dead Latin text derived from Medieval Period missing are Guria and Credo but added texts

Brahms A German Requiem

Composed after death of Schumann and composers mother comfort for living

Fourth Movement How lonely is the dwelling place Symphony No. 3 III

In a broad ABA form movements broadening waltz in minor key with contrasting but serious middle section

Taha Kavskey

One of the most popular of all classical composers directly from his heart NOT hounded bu homosexual guilt as most text say him Very recent research following the lifting of Russian censorship suggests that he wasn't troubled by his homosexuality

Nutcracker Ballot Suite was

One of Taha Kavskey's most famous works

Piano Concerto No.1

One of Taha Kavskey's most famous pieces

Romeo and Juliet Fantasy: Overture

Magically depicts the two families and the love between R&J Death Funeral Romantically expresses but the return of love theme at the end reminds NOTHING CAN KILL LOVE

Verdi

most important italian opera composer of this time The Lion of Opera
Rigoleto
La Traviata
Aida

La Donne Mobile

famous aria from Rigoletto

Requiem Mass

once Verdi greatest opera dramatic impact

Wagner

German composer of time musical genius but jerk anti-sematic ruthless used/abused people musical dramas

lettmotifs

leadin motives musical fragment descibing something

The Ring of the Nibeling

4 operas based upon Norse mythology

The Ride of the Volkyies

from the Ring Cycle

Tristan and Isolde

Liebestool (lore death) good example of Wagner style

Piccini

late 19th century italian opera composer associated with Verismo (realism) not mythical heros everyday life
Boheme and Madame Butterfly

Un bel di

one lovely day aria from Madame Butterfly

Mahlar

greatest romance symphony composer last unfinished 10th symphony reflects breakdown every symphony was universal sublome and grotesque

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