the people-living, dead, and unborn, who are descended from a common ancestor
cultural groups in which the authority is shared by lineages of equal power instead of being excercised by a central government
relating to a social system in which the father is the head of the family
relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
a region of western North Africa, conisiting of the Mediterranean coastlands of what is now Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria
an Islamic religious brotherhood that established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 11th century A.D.
a group of Islamic reformers who overthrew the Almoravid dynsasty established an empire in North Africa and southern Spain in the 12th century A.D.
a West African kingdom that grew rich from taxing and controlling trade and that established an empire in the 9th-11th centuries A.D.
a West African empire that flourished from 1235 and the 1400s and grew rich from trade
Mali's first great leader who came to power by crusing a cruel, unpopular leader
the most famous Muslim holy man who may have from Sundiata's grandnephew who ruled from about 1312 to 1332
traveler and historian who was a native of Tangier in North Africa who traveled for 27 years isiting most of the countries in the Islamic world
a West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591
a West Farican people who lived in several sity-states in what is now northern Nigeria
a West African people who formed several kingdoms in what is now Benin and southern Nigeria
a kingdom that arose near the Niger River delta in the 13002 and became a major West African state in the 1400s
an Arabic-influenced Bantu language that is spoken widely in eastern and central Africa
a city established by the Shoan people in southeastern Africa wich grew into an empire built on the gold trade
relating to a southern African empire established by Mutota in the 15th century A.D.