A leaf-like structure inside the seed that provides energy to the embryo.
Tissue formed by the union of sperm with two polar nuclei, that provides nutrients to the embryo.
The mature ovary of a flowering plant that encloses its seeds.
The process in which the embryonic plant inside of a seed begins to grow. This can only happen when temperature, moisture, and oxygen reach required levels for that particular type of plant.
The point where a seed was attached to the ovary wall.
The stem of an embryonic plant, where it is attached to the cotyledon.
The end of the pedicel that forms a structure that holds the rest of the flower.
A small opening at the entrance of the ovule.
A small, but complete plant that grows from a stem or a leaf of a parent plant in a natural form of vegetative reproduction.
The supporting stalk of a flower.
A shell that holds the male gametes of a plant.
A structure that emerges from the pollen grain to allow the male gametes to travel to the ovule.
A structure composed of the embryonic plant, stored nutrients, and a protective seed coat.
An asexual method of plant reproduction, which produces offspring with the same genetic makeup and traits as the parent. This can occur naturally, or be induced for the purpose of making sure desirable traits are passed down.