Medical Terminology Complete Chapter 1-2

102 terms by JiaraS

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anti-

against, opposite of

brady-

slow

endo-

within

epi-

upon, over, above, on top

pre-

to come before

append/o, appendic/o

appendix

cardi/o

heart

cerebr/o

brain, cerebrum

dermat/o

skin

electr/o

electricity

encephal/o

brain

gastr/o

stomach

hem/o

blood

hepat/o

liver

hyster/o

uterus

laryng/o

voice box, larynx

leuk/o

white

mamm/o

breast

mast/o

breast

ment/o

mind

nat/o

birth

neur/o

nerve

path/o

disease

proct/o

rectum or anus

psych/o

mind

rhin/o

nose

tonsill/o

almond, tonsil

vas/o

vessel

-al

pertaining to

-ectomy

surgical excision, removal

-emia

condition of

-gram

a record or image

-ia

condition of

-iatry

treatment, specialty

-ic

pertaining to

-itis

inflammation

-logist

one who studies

-logy

study or science of

-pathy

disease

-philia, -phil

loving, affinity for

-plasty

surgical repair

-scope

instrument used for viewing

-tic

pertaining to

-scopy

process of viewing

-meter

measure, measuring instrument

-drome

run, running

-ospy

view of

-phagia

eating or swallowing

-stasis

standing still

-phasia

speaking

hemat

blood

-emesis

vomiting

-malacia

softening

-oxia

condition of oxygen

-physis

growth

hypo-

below

-plegia

paralysis

-oma

tumor

osteoma

tumor of bone

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

cardiomalacia

softening or degeneration of heart tissue, usually from insufficient blood supply or tissue degeneration

biopsy

removal and examination or view of tissue

hypoxia

level of oxygen in below normal

hemophilia

affinity for blood and is an condition of uncontrolled blood loss

dysphagia

difficult in swallowing

aphasia

absence or impairment of speech

hypophysis

pituitary gland , which is located below the brain

quadriplegia

paralysis of four limbs

-algia

condition of pain

arthralgia

pain in a joint

-asthenia

weakness

myasthenia

weakness of muscle

-atresia

a closure or the absence of a normal body opening

hysteratresia

absence of the uterine cavity

-cele

hernia, swelling, or protrusion

meningocele

hernia of the meninges of the brain or spinal column that protrudes through an abnormal opening in the skull or spinal column

-dynia

pain

tenodynia

pain in the tendon

anorexia

a nervous condition in which a person has no appetite.

adenosis

condition of a gland

embolism

a condition in which a blood vessel is blocked by an embolus, or clot

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

lipoma

tumor of fat tissue

-penia

deficiency or abnormal reduction in number

calcipenia

an abnormal reduction of calcium

-phobia

fear

hydrophobia

fear of water

-plasia

formation, growth

neoplasia

new formation or growth, referring to a tumor

-rrhagia

abnormal discharge

seborrhea

discharge from the sebaceous glands

rhinorrhagia

abnormal discharge of the nose

-rrhea

discharge

-rrhexis

rupture

amniorrhexis

rupture of the membrane enclosing a fetus known as the amnion

-sclerosis

condition of hard

arteriosclerosis

artery walls are becoming hard and lose their elasticity

-spasm

sudden, involuntary muscle contraction

bronchospasm

sudden involuntary contraction of the muscular lining of the bronchi

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