Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Dr. Tranel

Hem/o, Hemat/o

Blood

Hematology

The study of blood and blood-forming tissues, and the disorders associated with them

Dys-

Difficult, painful, bad

Dysphagia

Condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful

Dysplasia

Condition of abnormal tissue development

Som/a, somat/o, -some

Body

Somatic

relating to the trunk, the wall of the body cavity, or to the body in general

Lysosome

Membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelle which contains hydrolytic enzymes

Reticul/o

Network

Reticulocyte

An immature red blood cell with a network of precipitated basophilic material in the cytoplasm

Reticulum

A network of tubules or blood vessels

Poly-

Many

-cle, -ule, -ole, -cule

Diminutive, small in size

Corpuscle

A small rounded body, esp a blood cell

Venule

A tiny vein that drains blood from capillaries

Arteriole

A tiny artery that takes blood into capillaries

-ase

Denotes an enzyme

Cholinesterase

A family of enzymes capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of acylcholines

Lipase

An enzyme capable of catalyzing the hydrolysis of lipids

Ton/o

Tone, tension

Atony

Relaxation, flaccidity, or lack of tone or tension

Phag/o, -phagy, -phagia, -phage

Eating, devouring

Phagocytosis

The process of ingestion and digestion of solid substances by cells

Hyperphagia

Overeating, in a single setting

-lytic

Pertaining to that which causes lysis or to the process of lysis

Hemolytic

Relating to that which is destructive to red blood cells

Thrombolytic

Describing an agent that breaks up blood clots

-lysis

Process of breaking down, decomposing, or loosening

Hemolysis

Destruction of red blood cells with liberation of hemoglobin into the surrounding medium

-trophy

Nourishment, development, or growth

Atrophy

Wasting away of a normally developed organ or tissue due to degeneration of cells caused by undernourishment, lack of use, or aging

-plasia

Process of cellular multiplication, formation

Hyperplasia

the increased production and growth of normal cells in a tissue or organ, resulting in an abnormal increase in size of the tissue or organ

-plasty

Process of shaping, or the surgical formation of a structure or part

Leuk/o, leuc/o

White

Leukocyte

a white blood cell

Leukoderma

An absense, either partial or total, of pigment in the skin

Erythr/o

Red

Erythrocyte

A red blood cell

-emia, cemia

Blood

Anemia

Any condition in which the red cell count, hemoglobin level, and/or hematocrit are less than normal

Corpus, Corpor/o

Body

Extracorporeal

Outside the body

Corpus

The principle part of any organ; any mass or body

Corpuscle

Any small rounded body; an encapsulated sensory nerve ending

Hydr/o

Water

Hydrocephalus

Condition marked by excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain; sometimes the accumulated fluid leads to increased intracranial pressure

Glyc/o

Sweet, sugars in general

Glycolipid

A lipid containing a sugar molecule found in the myelin sheath of nerves

Glycolysis

The energy-yielding conversion of glucose to 2 pyruvic acid molecules in cells

Gluc/o

Glucose

Glucogenic

Giving rise to or producing glucose

Glucometer

A device used to measure levels of glucose in the blood, usually sampled by sticking the finger

a-, an-

Without, lack, no

Acardia

Congenital absense of the heart

Apnea

Temporary cessation of breathing

Anosmia

A loss of the sense of smell

Anoxemia

Insufficient oxygenation of the arterial blood

Hypo-

Below normal, under, deficient, beneath

Hypotonic

Describes a solution having a lower osmotic pressure than another solution; State of muscle having less tension than normal

Hypoxia

An oxygen deficiency, short of anoxia; decrease below normal levels of oxygen in inspired air

Hyper-

Above normal, beyond, excessive

Hypertrophy

Increase in the size of a tissue or organ due to growth rather than tumor formation; increase in size results from an increase in cellular components, NOT from an increase in cell number

Lip/o

Fat or lipid

Hyperlipemia

The presence of an abnormally high concentration of fats in the blood

Iso-

Equal

Isotonic

Describes a solution having the same osmotic pressure as another solution; having equal tension; type of muscular contraction in which shortening occurs while tension remains unchanged

Chrom/o, chromat/o

Color

Chromosome

Thread-like structures in the nucleus that contain genes; forms a darkly-staining body during cell division

Hypochromia

Condition in which the % of hemoglobin in the red blood cells is below the normal range

Plasm/o, plasm-, -plasm

The living substance of a cell; blood plasma

Cytoplasm

The substance of a cell, exclusive of the nucleus

Plasmolysis

Shrinking of cytoplasm in a living cell caused by loss of water by osmosis

Oxy-, ox/i

Sharp, acid, acute, or oxygen

Anoxia

Absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues; often used incorrectly to indicate hypoxia

Oxidation

Process of combining oxygen with a substance; Loss of electrons in an atom, accompanied by increase in positive valence

Mono-

Single, one, alone

Monocyte

A type of white blood cell that is relatively large and contains a single oval-shaped nucleus; also called mononuclear leukocyte

Monoclonal

Arising from a single cell

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set