RADIOLOGY LAB FINAL

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Lateral View of Scapula

BC- Middle of scapula
M- Thickest area of scapula

Caudocranial View of Scapula

BC- Middle of scapula
M- Thickest area

Lateral View of Shoulder

BC- To shoulder point
M- Thickest area over shoulder joint

Caudocranial View of Shoulder

BC- To shoulder joint
M- Over armpit

Lateral View of Humerus

BC- Center of humerus
M- Thickest area over shoulder joint

Caudocranial View of Humerus

BC- Middle of Humerus
M- Thickest area over shoulder
FOV- shoulder and elbow

Craniocaudal View of Humerus

BC- Middle of Humerus
M- Thickest area over shoulder region
FOV- shoulder, humerus, and elbow

Craniocaudal View of Elbow

BC- Over elbow joint
M- Thickest area ( distal humerus)

Lateral View of Elbow

BC- over elbow joint
M- Distal Humerus

Flexed Lateral View of Elbow

BC- Middle of elbow
M- Distal Humerus

Lateral View of Radius and Ulna

BC- Middle of radius and ulna
M- Over Elbow

Craniocaudal View of Radius and Ulna

BC- Middle of radius and ulna
M- Over distal humerus
FOV- include elbow and carpus

Lateral View of Carpus

BC- Over distal row of carpal bones
M- Middle of carpus

Dorsopalmar View of Carpus

BC- Middle of distal row of carpal bones
M- At beam center site

Dorsopalmar View of Metacarpus/Phalanges

BC- Middle of Metacarpal bones
M- Middle of metal carpal bones
FOV- large enough to include the carpal joints and the tip of the digits

Lateral view of Metacarpus/Phalanges

BC- Center of digit
M- Level of middle phalanx

Lateral View of Pelvis

BC- Over greater femoral trochanter
M- At level of trochanter
FOV- include the entire pelvis and a portion of the lumbar spine and the femur

Ventrodorsal View of Pelvis

BC- Over level of pubis and acetabulum
M- Over acetabulum ( groin )

Lateral View of Femur

BC- Middle of femur
M- Middle of femur
FOV- hip joint, femur, and stifle joint

Craniocaudal View of Femur

BC- Middle of femur
M- Middle of femur
FOV- hip joint, femur and stifle joint

Caudocranial View of Stifle Joint

BC- Over stifle joint
M- Distal end of femur

Lateral View of Stifle Joint

BC- Over stifle joint
M- Over femoral condyles

Skyline Projection of Patella

( my xray, leg under chair )

BC- Over patella
M- Site of pateliar articulation

Lateral View of Tibia and Fibula

BC- Middle of tibia and fibula
M- Over stifle joint
FOV- stifle joint, tibia and fibula, and tarsal joint

Caudocranial View of Tibia and Fibula

BC- Middle of tibia and fibula
M- Over level of stifle joint
FOV- Stifle joint, tibia and fibula, and tarsal joint

Lateral View of Tarsus

BC- Middle of Tarsus
M- Over thickest area of tarsal joint

Plantardorsal and Dorsoplantar Views of Tarsus

BC- Middle of tarsal joint
M- Thickest area of tarsal joint

Lateral View of Metatarsus/Phalanges

BC- Midmetatarsal region
M- Distal tarsal joint
FOV- tarsal joint, metatarsus, and phalanges

Dorsoplantar and Plantardorsal Views of Metatarsus/Phalanges

BC- Midmetatarsal region
M- Distal tarsal joint
FOV- tarsal joint, metatarsus, and phalanges

Lateral View of Skull

BC- Lateral Canthus of eye
M- Over high point of the zygomatic arch

Dorsalventral View of Skull

BC- Lateral canthus of eye
M- Over high point of cranium
FOV- entire head from the tip of the nose to the base of the skull

Ventrodorsal View of Skull

BC- Lateral canthus of eye
M- Lateral canthus of eye
FOV-Tip of the nose to the base of the skull

Rostrocaudal View of the Frontal Sinuses

BC- Through center of frontal sinuses, between eyes
M- Nose stop
FOV- entire forehead

Rostrocaudal View of Cranium

BC- Midpoint between eyes
M- Site of frontal sinuses
FOV- Entire cranium

Ventrodorsal View of Cervical Spine

BC- Over C4-5 inververtebral space
M- C5-6 intervertebral space
FOV- base of skull, entire cervical spine and the first few thoracic

Extended Lateral View of Cervical Spine

BC- Intervertebra space of C-4 and C-5
M- Over level of C-7
FOV- base of skull, entire cervical spine and the first few thoracic

Hyperextended Lateral View of Cervical Spine

BC- C3-4
M- T-1
FOV- base of skull, entire cervical spine and the first few thoracic

Ventrodorsal View of Thoracic Spine

BC- Caudal border of scapula
M- Highest point in sternum
FOV- All Thoracic. C-7 to L-1

Lateral View of Thoracic Spine

BC- T 7
M- 7th rib
FOV- 7th cervical vertebral body to the first lumbar vertebral body

Ventrodirsal View Thoracolumbar Spine

BC- Over throacolumbar junction
M- Over throacolumbar junction
FOV- All thoracic and lumbar

Lateral View of throacolumbar Spine

BC- Over throacolumbar junction
M- Over throacolumbar junction
FOV- entire thoracolmbar spine

Ventrodorsal View of Lumbar Spine

BC_ Over L4
M- L1

Lateral View of Lumbar Spine

BC- L4
M- L1

Ventrodorsal View of Sacrum

BC- Level of Sacrum
M- Level of Sacrum
FOV- 6th Lumbar to iliac crests

Ventrodorsal View of caudal spine

BC- Over area of interest
M- at proximal tail

Lateral View of Pharynx

BC- Over pharynx
M- Base of skull
FOV- entire neck between lateral canthus of the eye and C3

Dorsoventral View of Thorax

BC- Caudal border of scapula
M- caudal border of scapula

Ventrodorsal View of Thorax

BC- Caudal border of scapula
M- Caudal border of scapula
FOV- entire thorax ( all ribs)

Lateral View of Thorax

BC- Caudal border of scapula
M- caudal border of scapula

Ventrodorsal View of abdomen

BC- Caudal aspect of the 13th rib
M-Caudal aspect of the 13th rib
FOV- Entire abs from diaphram to the level of the femoral head

Lateral View of Abdomen

BC- Caudal aspect of the 13th rib
M- Caudal aspect of the 13th rib
FOV- diaphram to femoral head

Chest x-rays are taken during

Inspiration

X-rays of the abdomen are taken at

Expiration

Lead lined gloves are:

Radiopaque

What are the steps to manual processing?

1. Check Temperature
2. Stir the Developer ( Left, Brown, Alkaline)
3. Stir the Fix ( Right, White, Acidic)
4. Find the Hanger
5. Stamp
6. Develop
7. 20-30 SECOND wash
8. Fix ( DOUBLE the developing time)
9. 20-30 MINUTE rinse
10. Dry
11. Review 1 Minute after fix
12. Hang ( half hour)

What is Santes equation?

2 X Tissue Thickness in CM + SID + Grid Factor = KVP

How do you calculate time?

MA X SEC = TIME

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