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The vessel that delivers blood from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver is the:

Hepatic portal vein

Which of the following structures would not be found in a blood vessel?

Tunica vaginalis

Which arteries are formed by the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta?

Iliac

What valve is located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart?

Mitral

The large vein that drains the head is the:

Jugular

The conducting fibers that run from the AV node down the interventricular septum are referred to as the:

Bundle of His

The large artery found behind the knee is the:

Popliteal

The only artery in the body that carries unoxygenated blood is the:

Pulmonary artery

The large artery that arises from the left side of the aortic arch and descends into the arm is the:

Subclavian

Which of the following vessels arises from the right ventricle?

Pulmonary artery

The atrioventricular (AV) valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle is the:

Tricuspid

The pacemaker of the heart is the:

SA node

The inner layer of an artery is known as the:

Intima

Which of the following arises from the left ventricle?

Aorta

Enlargement of the heart is:

Cardiomegaly

Low blood pressure is known as:

Hypotension

Tachy- is a prefix meaning:

Fast

A prefix meaning "slow" is:

Brady-

Thrombectomy" means:

Excision of a clot

The mitral valve is also called the:

Bicuspid valve

The largest artery in the body is the:

Aorta

The veins in the body that carry the highest concentration of oxygenated blood are the:

Pulmonary veins

From the right ventricle of the heart, blood is forced into the:

Pulmonary artery

A localized area of ischemic necrosis in the heart muscle produced by an occlusion of the blood supply is called a/an:

Infarction

A stricture or narrowing of some portion of the aorta is:

Coarctation of the aorta

Greatly dilated veins in which pressure is elevated and blood flow is stagnant or reversed are called:

Varicose veins

Obstruction of the valve orifice between the left atrium and left ventricle is called:

Mitral stenosis

A localized dilatation of an artery is:

Aneurysm

Rapid, random, ineffectual, and irregular heartbeats (350 or more/minute) are:

Fibrillation

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) may develop until up to 20 years after the initial infection of:

Streptococcus bacteria

The large portal system in the body's blood circulation is in the:

Liver

Which pair of veins returns blood from the head to the superior vena cava?

Jugular

The part of the circulatory system that collects and returns blood from the lower part of the body to the right atrium is the:

Inferior vena cava

A condition of the circulatory system in which the artery wall weakens and balloons out is called an:

Aneurysm

A condition in the lumen of the arteries having deposits and accumulation of fatty materials is:

Atherosclerosis

The normal pulse rate (pulsations per minute) for adults is

60-90

Normally, the pulse rate is the same as the:

Number of heartbeats in 1 minute

Bradycardia is a term meaning:

Abnormally slow heartbeat

If the pulse is taken at the wrist, the artery used is the:

Radial artery

An increase in one's pulse rate may be caused by:

Fever

Systolic pressure of 160 or above is referred to as:

Hypertension

The apical pulse is taken:

With a stethoscope

The selection of one of the three available blood pressure cuff sizes depends on the:

Diameter of limb

A ventricular contraction that occurs too early in the ECG cycle is abbreviated as:

PVC

The first wave of the ECG is the:

P wave

A sudden blocking of a blood vessel is known as:

Occlusion

Which of the following is a congenital heart disease?

Tetralogy of Fallot

Inflammation of the heart is:

Carditis

The chamber of the heart with the thickest walls is the:

Left ventricle

Which ECG pattern represents the repolarization of the ventricles?

T wave

Which ECG pattern represents the depolarization of the atria?

P wave

Leakage of the valve between the right atrium and right ventricle is called:

Tricuspid insufficiency

The color blue may be expressed by the combining form:

cyan/o-

Retrosternal" means:

behind the sternum

The internal muscular wall that divides the heart into the right and left side is the:

septum

Which of the following are signs of congestive heart failure?

pulmonary congestion, enlarged heart, and hepatic congestion

The heart is located:

mostly to the left of the midline of the sternum

The innermost layer of the heart is called the:

endocardium

In the pumping action of the heart:

atrial systole precedes ventricular systole

The heart valves are arranged with the:

tricuspid and pulmonary semilunar valves on the right side of the heart

A condition in which a heart valve is narrower than normal, slowing blood flow from a heart chamber, is called:

a stenosed valve

The first heart sound is the closing of the:

tricuspid and mitral valves

The pulmonary vein returns oxygen-rich blood to the:

left atrium

Chest pain that occurs when the myocardium is deprived of adequate oxygen is called:

angina pectoris

The volume of blood ejected from the ventricles during each beat is called:

stroke volume

The correct sequence for the conducting system is:

Sinoatrial node, AV node, bundle of His, Purkinje fibers

A condition in which the left side of the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently is called:

congestive heart failure

The primary function of the cardiovascular system is;

transportation of materials

The mitral valve:

prevents blood flowing backward into left atrium and is the bicuspid valve

A "heart attack" is known as:

myocardial infarction

The blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are the:

arteries

The blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart are the:

veins

The layer of the arteries and veins that contains smooth muscle tissue is the:

tunica media

An inflammation of a vein is called:

phlebitis

Which of the following assists in moving venous blood back to the heart?

contraction of skeletal muscles, changing pressure in the chest by breathing and a one way valve system

The heart is supplied with blood by:

arteries that branch directly from the aorta

The contraction of the heart is known as:

Systole

Recording of the electrical activity of the heart is known as:

ECG and EKG

A heart rhythm that is regular and follows the natural conduction system is

Normal sinus rhythm

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