French Revolution: Key Dates

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Key dates of the French Revolution and a bit of Napoleon 1774-1815.

14 July 1789

The Fall of the Bastille

1774

Louis XVI's accession

1756-1763

Seven Years War

1776-1783

American War of Independence

1774

Turgot's financial reforms rejected

1781

Necker's Compte Rendu falsely annouces a surplus in royal finances to reassure investors

20 August 1786

Calonne announces royal bankruptcy to Louis

February 1787

Assembly of Notables meet as less daunting than estates general, they reject Calonne's single land tax reform

August 1787

Louis XVI exiles Paris Parlement to Troyes to avoid the Parisian crowd's influence

May 1788

May Edicts deprive the Parlement from protesting against royal decrees.

June 1788

Revolt of the Nobles

7 June 1788

Day of the Tiles

September 1788

Paris Parlement allowed back to Paris

April 1789

Réveillon riots break out in Paris

1614

The last time the Estates-General had met before 1789

5 May 1789

Estates-General finally meet at Versailles

January 1789

Abbé Sieyès publishes his pamphlet, 'What is the Third Estate?'

17 June 1789

Third Estate deputies declare themselves 'The National Assembly'

19 June 1789

First Estate (Clergy) vote to join the Third Estate deputies in the 'National Assembly'

20 June 1789

Tennis Court Oath taken

27 June 1789

Louis agrees to voting per head

4 July 1789

By this time, there are just under 30,000 royal troops surrounding Paris

11 July 1789

Necker dismissed

12-13 July 1789

Poor citizens start to raid weaponry suppliers

July 1789

Citizen's militia, 'The National Guard' is formed

17 July 1789

Louis XVI appears wearing revolutionary cockade

July 1789

The 'commune' is set up

20 July - 6 August 1789

'The Great Fear' - peasant uprisings

4 August 1789

The August Decrees

26 August 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

5-6 October 1789

The October Days Uprising to Versailles

1790

Gabelle abolished

December 1789

Active and Passive Citizenship introduced

April 1790

Assignats introduced

November 1789

Church lands taken by the state

August 1789

Free trade introduced

1789

Protestants given civil rights

1791

Jews given civil rights

July 1790

Civil Constitution of the Clergy approved

November 1790

Oath to the civil constitution of the clergy taken by 55 % of the church

April 1791

Pope condemns the civil constitution, some clergy retract the oath

August 1790

Louis XVI accepts the Civil Constitution of the Clergy

20-21 June 1791

Flight to Varennes

24 June 1791

After Flight to Varennes, 30,000 march to Assembly calling for King's Dismissal

16 July 1791

After Flight to Varennes, Assembly vote to suspend the king's power until the completion of the constitution

17 July 1791

Champ de Mars demonstration. Assembly fear violence and kill 50 innocent.

13 September 1791

Louis accepts constitution (end of the National Constituent Assembly)

October 1791

Legislative Assembly first meets

November 1791

Assembly issues two decrees: (vetoed by Louis)
1. Refractory priests to lose income and to be treated as conspirators against France
2. émigrés who didn't return to be classed as traitors

20 April 1792

France declares war on Austria

13 June 1792

Louis dismisses pro-war Girondin ministers
(Legislative Assembly)

20 June 1792

The First Storming of the Tuileries by 8,000 National Guard. Louis doesn't give in to lifting his vetoes.

11 July 1792

'La patrie en danger', decree calling men to support war effort & passive citizenship ignored.

1 August 1792

Brunswick Manifesto

3 August 1792

The Mayor of Paris asks to depose king on behalf of 47 out of 48 sectors of Paris

9-10 August 1792

The Second Journée to the Tuileries, 20,000 National Guard and Sans Culottes plus 2,000 fédérés. The King is imprisoned in 'The Temple'

11 August 1792

Assembly grants permission to local authorities to arrest suspected counter-revolutionaires.

2-6 September 1792

The September Massacres

20 September 1792

First meeting of the National Convention

21-22 September 1792

Abolition of the Monarchy and a Republic declared.

19 November 1792

Decree of Fraternity declared to spread revolutionary ideas to the oppressed (war turns offensive)

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