pharm info (from paper and book)

Created by valeriea7506 

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39 terms

negative

do beta blockers have a negative or positive inotrope, chronotrope and dromotrope effect on heart?

beta blocker

what class of meds should be given within 8 hours to reduce cardiac workload?

beta blocker

What class of meds will cause chest pain and rebound hypertension when abruptly withdrawaling from?

olol

what do beta blocker meds end in???

COPD

beta blockers are contraindicated in someone who has......??

pril

ACE inhibitors end in what?

ACE inhibitors

This class of meds has the "1st dose phenomenon...

catapril (Capoten)

What ACE inhibitor should be given 1 hour before meals?

ipine

What do the calcium channel blockers end in?

nifedipine (Procardia)

What CCB has a side effect of reflex tachycardia?

negative

Do CCB have a negative or positive chrono, dromo, and tropo effect?

sartan

What do the ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers) end in?

digoxin (Lanoxin)

What med should not be given with Lasix (furosemide) d/t hypokalemia?

vasodilators

this class of meds has a limited use b/o high incidence of orthostatic hypotension and reflex tachycardia

nitroprusside (Nitropress)

this vasodilator is used in life-threatening hypertensive crisis

diuretic

What class of meds is normally given first to someone who has hypertension?

beta blockers

What class of meds is normally given first to someone with angina?

ACE inhibitors

What class of meds is normally given first to someone with heart failure?

CCB

What class of meds blocks calcium from entering cell, causing less muscle contraction, which decreases BP. Mainly used to treat supraventricular dysrhythmias by slowing conduction.

loop diuretics

This class of meds blocks reabsorption of sodium in loop of Henle, secreting more urine, which lowers BP

thiazide diuretics

what class of meds acts on the distal tubule in kidneys to block Na reabsorption, increasing water excretion, decreasing BP

K sparing diuretics

what class of meds increase urination w/out effecting potassium levels?

ACE inhibitors

What class of meds blocks angiotensin, causing vasodilation, decreasing BP?

beta blocker

decreases activity in heart by slowing conduction and automaticity, decreasing BP and HR..also dilating the bronchi

alpha blockers

this class of meds inhibits vasoconstriction in arterioles, decreasing BP and HR

vasodilators

this class of meds causes relaxation of smooth muscle in arterioles, decreasing BP

potassium channel blockers

this class of meds prolongs action potential and lengthens the resting period in heart, stabilizing dysrhythmias

sodium channel blockers

this class of meds blocks sodium channel in action potential, slowing conduction of heart, stabilizing dysrhythmias

cardiac glycosides

this class of meds increases the force of a contraction, is + inotropic, increasing cardiac output

carvedilol (Coreg)

what beta blocker has potential to worsen heart failure and is always used in combo with other agents, usually ACE inhibitors??

ACE inhibitors

what class of meds is given to diabetics as a precaution (for nephropathy)?

kalemia

ACE and ARBs have a side effect of hyper----???

ACE

What class of meds has a common s.e. of dry cough??

CCB

What class of meds has a s.e. of constipation?

0.5-2

What is the normal digoxin (Lanoxin) level?

Ovine

What do you give for a digoxin toxicity? (antidote)

speed

what does chronotropic mean?

conduction

what does dromotropic mean?

force

what does inotropic mean?

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