Define the Heisenberg uncertainty principle
It is impossible to know both the momentum and position of an electron at the same time
Define the Pauli exclusion principle
No two electrons in an atom can have the same four quantum numbers
Define Hund's rule
Electrons will fill to create the maximum number of half filled orbitals
Formula for calculating formal charge on an atom involved in a covalent bond
Formal charge = V - (1/2 Nbonding + Nnonbonding)
What is a coordinate covalent bond?
Bond in which a pair of bonding electrons originates from just one of the atoms
What is Boyle's law?
P1V1 = P2V2
What is charle's law?
V1/T1 = V2/T2
Formula for calculating density of a gas?
d = m/V = P(MM)/RT
What is fusion?
Solid -> liquid
What is sublimation?
Solid -> gas
What is deposition?
Gas -> solid
Name 4 colligative properties
1. Freezing point depression
2. Boiling point elevation
3. Osmotic pressure
4. Vapor pressure lowering
Name the following ions
Name the following acids
1. Hydrofluoric acid
2. Perchloric acid
3. Nitrous acid
4. Nitric acid
What is an amphoteric species?
Can act as both an acid and a base
A buffer solution consists of a mixture of a ______ acid and its salt or a _____ base and its salt