5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- They vary in which of the two X chromosomes have been inactivated
- An inflammatory response
- Benign tumor
- a What process makes a 'tumor' a 'cancer'?
- b Tumor promoters are chemical agents which by themselves are not mutagenic but have been shown to induce cancer by activating what?
- c Tissue in women are made up of a mixture of cells which varies in what way?
- d The rate of mutation is balanced against what?
- e What is a noninvasive tumor whose removal achieves a 'cure'?
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Development of cancerous cells can take many, many years and is a process driven by what kind of changes?
- What are agents known to cause cancer?
Why is panel C considered a high-grade neoplasia?
- Cancer cells avoid replicative cell senscence by what three methods?
- The invasiveness expressed in metastasis requires what?
5 True/False Questions
1. Decreased rate of DNA repair
2. Failure to maintain chromosomal copy number during division → A cell accumulates a mutation that acts to enhance its own proliferation or decrease its death. These changes occur over what?
The invasion of tumor cells into other tissue → What is the defining property of metastasis?
Chromosome analysis → What test identifies translocation events?
Apoptosis → In normal tissue, the rate of cell division is balanced by what to keep the number of cells constant?
Cell proliferation which leads to an increased probability of tumor progression by increasing the number of cells containing the initial mutagenic event → Tumor promoters are chemical agents which by themselves are not mutagenic but have been shown to induce cancer by activating an inflammatory response. This inflammatory response triggers an increase in what?