Mastering Skills for TOEFL iBT - Reading Ch.3

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41 terms · Reading Section / Chapter 3

incentive

something that makes someone want to work harder

engage

to involve someone in a particular activity

quota

a minimum amount of something that someone needs to do

attain

to succeed at accomplishing something

stock

a share of money held by an investor

profitable

making money

enable

to provide somebody with the ability to do something

bias

an unfair preference for or dislike of something

expose

to make someone experience something

flaw

a fault in something that makes it less effective

lessen

to become smaller in amount or importance

cue

an action or statement that tells someone indirectly that they should do something

placebo

a substance that contains no medicine, given to determine the effectiveness of new medicines in drug studies

prominent

well-known

flourish

to be successful

observatory

a building used to view stars

revolve

to turn around a central point

formula

a method of doing something

naval

relating to a part of a country's military that fights at sea

conservation

the preservation of natural resources

urban

relating to the city

ecosystem

the plants and animals in a certain area that depend on one another

patch

a small area of land

rural

found in the country

susceptible

likely to be affected by something

migration

the movement of a group of people or animals from one region to another

adapt

to change something to make it more suitable to different conditions

diligence

persistent and hard-working effort in doing something

cultivate

to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities

profuse

existing or being produced in large amounts

serrated

edged with notches or projections resembling the teeth of a saw

resin

a transparent, sticky substance produced by some plants and trees

mallet

a tool resembling a hammer

resurgence

rising again; becoming stronger again

teem

to be full of

phenomenon

an event; a happening

arthropod

an invertebrate animal with an exoskeleton and segmented body

embed

to fix something firmly in a surface or object

exoskeleton

a hard outer covering such as a shell that provides protection and support

extensive

very large in amount or degree

appendage

a part or organ, such as an arm or leg, joined to a body

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